In this article, the authors examine the staff costs involved in monograph purchases by Iowa State University (ISU) Technical Services and explore the impact of automation on these costs between 1990 and 1995. They demonstrate that acquiring a monograph is now comparatively expensive relative to the costs of cataloging. They describe the impact of staff overhead costs on product or service costs and highlight the impact of professional responsibilities on costs. The authors further demonstrate that the automation of monographs acquisitions, in the main, has really only mechanized former manual processes and has done little to change the fundamental principles underlying the work or provide opportunities for innovation. Lastly, although cost data for collection development has not been documented, the authors explore the relationships between collection development and automated acquisitions, relationships that influence costs.
The authors conducted a study of cuttering practice at Ohio State University Libraries to determine the extent of effort presently devoted to the practice and to suggest changes that would result in less work without adversely affecting the public. They determined that there would be little deleterious effect if cuttering were limited to classes M, N, and P, while the effort involved would be halved.
There appears to be a conflict between the principles of cooperation in cataloging and the acquisition of Latin American materials. A recent look at the literature revealed that the availability of copy cataloging for Latin American imprints in the bibliographic utilities seems to be on the decline. The author surveyed large, medium, and small Latin American collections via the Internet to determine the usefulness of bibliographic utilities for cataloging Latin American material. It was found that some large collections use more than one utility. Library representatives said their institutions were using more than one utility because they were trying to receive the maximum benefit from copy cataloging. Some catalogers of Latin American imprints seem unaware of the decline of copy cataloging in the bibliographic utilities that has been documented in the literature.
Citation analysis is a long-standing collection-evaluation tool often undertaken to investigate one aspect of library collection use. Citations from theses and dissertations are much more easily and comprehensively gathered than are citations voluntarily supplied by faculty. Using four studies in geology and biology, the Kendall coefficient of rank correlation tests the degree of association between journals most heavily cited by graduate students and those titles most heavily cited in faculty publications. Positive associations are confirmed in three data sets. Additional descriptive analysis shows that the 40 titles most heavily cited in theses and dissertations consistently contained about 70% of the top 40 titles cited by faculty, including most of the 12-15 top titles. If results are replicated, thesis and dissertation citations can be reliably used as a surrogate for faculty publication citations in evaluations of the research portion of library collection use.