Despite adequate documentation of monograph arrearages in academic libraries, backlogs of music materials for the entire library community have gone unreported. In confirming the existence of music backlogs, it also becomes necessary to address questions concerning how they grew, what causes these backlogs to continue, and what it might take to eliminate them. In a survey of institutional subscribers to the Music Cataloging Bulletin, libraries were asked to quantify their uncataloged scores and sound recordings and to describe their music cataloging staff and procedures. Of the 358 participating libraries, 77% reported having music backlogs. These backlogs grew primarily as a result of large acquisitions and gifts without corresponding staff to process them. Respondents also cited lack of knowledgeable staff as a deterrent to the reduction and elimination of the backlog.
When revising cataloging rules for the purpose of cataloging simplification, areas of the bibliographic record should be examined in a systematic manner. The implications of any change on catalog use, whether by technical services, public services, or individual patrons, must be explored. The details of publication, distribution, etc., present monograph catalogers with especially challenging decisions. The place-of-publication element is examined and cataloging codes are reviewed historically to determine whether a variation constitutes justification for the creation of a new bibliographic record, and public services implications of creating a new bibliographic record are explored. The authors suggest a change in policy that will more accurately reflect publishing practices, the significance of a separate bibliographic record, and cataloging needs.
In the humanities and in technology, social circles that function around orientation paradigms influence the development of new ideas and provide explanations of phenomena in much the same way as do scientific circles. One view of librarianship is that it is a technological field. Elements of scientific knowledge influence the development of new techniques and services. In ALCTS, Library Resources & Technical Services (LRTS) is the official journal, the gatekeeper that since 1957 has provided the membership with quarterly advances in knowledge and techniques for collections and technical services. This article is a report of a research project undertaken in an attempt to define LRTS' content over its lifetime and to see whether LRTS displays the characteristics of a formal, scholarly communication venue. The entire run of LRTS' first 35 volumes was examined. Overall we observed a maturation in LRTS, similar to that reported by other researchers in library and information science (LIS). In many ways LRTS reflects the characteristics of the core LIS journals, which increasingly fall into a scholarly range. The proportion of articles that report research, the increase in that proportion over time, and numbers of citations per article across the areas of interest are further evidence of this. The research literatures of cataloging and classification, collection management and development, and preservation-the core of ALCTS interests-show remarkable similarities and fall within the hypothesized region derived from earlier examinations of periodical literature in bibliographic control and LIS in general. In sum, LRTS by and large reflects the growth of a maturing, scholarly discipline surrounding the orientation paradigms that ALCTS exists to serve.