The lawsuits filed by the publisher Gordon and Breach against the author and publishers of serials pricing surveys have caused great concern in the library and academic communities. The events that led up to and followed the lawsuits are recounted. Reactions to the lawsuits from the library community are summarized.
To identify the skills and experiences required and desired for collection development and management (CDM) positions, twelve years of College & Research Libraries News were examined, yielding 433 CDM announcements. Each position announcement was analyzed for required and desired skills and experiences as well as stated responsibilities. These variables were related to the type of academic library and the date of the announcement as well as faculty status and tenure. The number of positions announced each year nearly doubled from 1980 through 1991. About 42% (181) were full-time collection development positions, while 58% (25I) combined collection development with another function. Nearly 80% of the combined positions involved reference work. About 58% of the positions were in Association of Research Libraries member libraries, 25% from other university research libraries, 13% from college libraries, and 2% from other libraries. Only 23% of the announcements mentioned faculty status, and 15% mentioned tenure track. Seventy-nine percent of the positions required an American Library Association-accredited master's degree in library science. Effectiveness in communication was the skill or experience most often required (45% of the announcements). About one-third of the positions required collection development experience.
Library space shortage has been a pressing problem for several decades. A variety of alternatives, such as remote storage and weeding, have been proposed and attempted. Previous research in this area has been fragmented. Some research is concentrated on criteria for identifying rarely used material for weeding; in other research, costs of alternatives to the traditional library are compared. In this paper a new model that takes a more complete approach to the problem is proposed. We incorporate the prediction of future demand and cost analysis into one model. The model includes random effects that cause errors in the selection process. By applying data of a hypothetical collection, we show how this model helps the collection development librarian determine the most economic approach.
Contents enhancement of catalog records may increase access to books in collections and aid in effective resource sharing by providing more detailed descriptions about library holdings in the catalog. A sample of monographs in San Diego State University Library was studied to determine the extent to which information in books from parts of the collection could be represented better by content notes, and to determine how much of this information has subject or analytical applications. The study revealed that approximately 23% of the books contain discrete content information not already represented in catalog records that could be added. Of those, 52% would be citation-based enhancements and 48% would be subject-based. Nearly 65% would require fewer than 25 enhancements, with an average of 8.03 enhancements per book for the total population.
In this article the evolution of Library of Congress subject headings concerning women from LCSH 8 (1975) through LCSH 14 (1991) is traced. Dramatic changes have taken place, including an explosion of occupational headings for women, the disappearance of sexist headings and cross-references, and a shift from a somewhat narrow and condescending view of women to a more balanced view that takes into account the variety of roles they play. However, subtler forms of gender bias remain in the headings and in the ways they are applied. The author enumerates these problem areas and suggests possible solutions, concluding with a discussion of the larger issues involved in attempts to root out bias in the catalog.
Patrons often browse through books organized by a library classification system, looking for books to use and possibly circulate. This research is an examination of the clustering of similar books provided by a classification system and ways in which the books that patrons circulate are clustered. Measures of classification system performance are suggested and used to evaluate two test collections. Regression formulas are derived describing the relationships among the number of areas in which books were found (the number of stops a patron makes when browsing), the distances across a cluster; and the average number of books a patron circulates. Patrons were found usually to make more stops than there were books found at their average stop. Consequences for full-text document systems and online catalogs are suggested.