All information services, regardless of the format used to convey the information, can be divided into the two fundamental categories of delivery and mediation. Delivery is the less visible but no less critical service responsible for shifting the physical information package among different locations. Delivery will become an increasingly significant -- but no less invisible -- function after the arrival of routine electronic publishing. Acquisitions administrators -- who, along with circulation, interlibrary loan. and preservation officers, have primary responsibility for delivery in the paper-based academic library of today -- need to begin planning now to expand their knoreledge and responsibilities to respond to the new requirements for informntirm delivery in the rapidly approaching age of networked information. If they can achieve such objectives, acquisitions staff will play a key role in improving the future contributions of the library to the academy.
"Linking devices" are those specific devices within the catalog that connect or link bibliographic records for related items. A review of principal sets of cataloging rules from Panizzi to the present revealed an interesting evolution in the various linking devices used in library catalogs over the years. The devices in the catalog for relating bibliographic items have evolved along with the type of catalog available. Linking devices used for bibliographic relationships were designed to take advantage of the book and card formats of the catalogs. Without thought of improvements that might be made in the computer environment, many of the old devices for expressing relationships were embodied in online catalogs. We have begun to explore new linking devices that will take best advantage of the computerized formats of future catalogs.
One of the major impediments to efficient exchange of machine-readable bibliographic information among national agencies has until recently been the lack of a UNIMARC authorities format. The publication of UNIMARC Authorities addresses this need but at the same time raises questions about conversion of USMARC authority records for international distribution. Following a brief review of UNIMARC record structure, a group of USMARC name, title, and name-title authority records converted to UNIMARC is examined. Emphasis is on the adequacy with which USMARC records provide required and desirable UNIMARC data elements, and an assessment is made of the ease and completeness with which complex authority relation-ships are translated from USMARC to UNIMARC.
The Ohio Library and Information Network (OhioLINK) will link the seventeen state-assisted university libraries in Ohio so that they will appear to the user as a single resource of some nineteen million volumes. Each institution will have the same state-of-the-art integrated library system feeding into a centralized database. Over the past three years, the OhioLINK network of subcommittees completed detailed evaluations of existing integrated library systems, including vendor demonstrations and site visits to the users of the systems being investigated. Contract negotiations with Innovative Interfaces, Inc., were completed in spring 1991, with implemen¬tation to begin in July 199I. These activities provided a wealth of information on the state of currently available integrated library systems. In this paper, experiences are synthesized into an analysis of what is still missing, function-ally, from integrated library systems. In particular, concerns that are important to catalogers, acquisitions librarians, and collection management librarians are addressed.
Automation is having a major impact on technical services, but it is unclear whether reductions in staffing and costs will result. In 1987 the Iowa State University Library Technical Services Division began a longitudinal study to investigate the tines spent at tasks as automation expanded. During sample weeks all staff record the time worked according to defined tasks and within cost centers. Salary data are also recorded for the sample weeks, which allows the assignment of costs. In this article, results from the first three years of sampling are reported. Results show the proportion of time spent at tasks, trends in changes over time, and per-title cataloging time and costs.
A survey of 100 academic libraries that were not members of the Association of Research Libraries was conducted in the fall of 1989 to determine how many libraries had, or soon would have, individual automated workstations for their professional catalogers. The number of libraries expecting to acquire these workstations at some future time was also determined. Also investigated were: (1) costs and types of equipment being used or considered, (2) current and projected uses of automated workstations, and (3) workstations' impact on cataloger productivity, processing costs, and the quality of catalog records.
A paper-deterioration survey of the general collection of the Harold B. Lee Library at Brigham Young University (BYU) was conducted. A stratified random sampling technique was used, and the results were compared with those from surveys at tale University and Syracuse University. Of the books at the Harold B. Lee Library, 75.5 percent had acidic paper (pHa 5.4) and 1.9 percent were very brittle (broke at two double folds). Data.from all three surveys were grouped by publication date so books of similar age could he compared. The three university collections showed very similar percentages of acidic books, but the brittleness percentages varied widely among the three studies. Results indicate that consistent recording of environmental factors such as temperature and humidity is necessary.