Abstracts

LRTS v 35, no. 1, January 1991

The Education of the Acquisitions Librarian: A Survey of ARL Acquisitions Librarians

Karen A. Schmidt

Acquisitions is an aspect of librarianship that is not regularly taught in library schools. Many acquisitions librarians appear to believe that library schools should take a much greater role in their education. A survey of acquisitions librarians in Association of Research Libraries academic libraries was conducted to determine the level of involvement expected from library schools, and the type of training needed. Respondents indicate that most of their training comes from on-the-job experiences and suggest that library schools need to add a relatively small amount of information about acquisitions to the curriculum to satisfy their needs.

Backlog Management: Estimating Resources Needed to Eliminate Arrearages

Sally A. Rogers

Samples were drawn from two "historic" cataloging backlogs (one general and one consisting of Slavic language materials) at the Ohio State University. Collection development, cataloging, and preservation evaluations of the samples were used to estimate haw many items were still wanted and to determine the resources that would be required to process those items. The results of these studies were used to determine that reduction of the general backlog could be accomplished as part of the regular workflow because only approximately one-fourth of the materials were still wanted. However, reduction of the Slavic backlog would require a special project due to a higher retention rate and the language expertise required for processing.

A Cost Model for Preservation: The Columbia University Libraries' Approach

Carolyn Harris, Carol Mandel, and Robert Wolven

Preservation of a library collection entails a variety of activities extending into many departments of a research library system. A comprehensive model is presented for identifying the processes involved in preservation efforts together with the associated costs. For each function, costs are assessed for staff time, supervision, supplies, equipment, contractual costs, and bibliographic utility use. Each process is related to the proportion of volumes in need of any particular treatment. The resulting model provides a methodology for determining unit costs that can be applied to the varying conditions of particular collections.

Data Sources Used in Financial Research

Gail T. Graves

A study was conducted to identify data sources used in the journals with the greatest impact factor in finance and financial accounting research. The purpose of the study was to aid collection development librarians in selecting useful titles and appropriate backfiles, reference librarians in assisting business students, and bibliographic instruction librarians in discus-sing business sources. The study indicates that researchers depend most heavily on computer databases.

An Analysis of Cataloging Copy: Library of Congress vs. Selected RLIN Members

Janet McCue, Paul J. Weiss, and Marijo Wilson

 

Catalog Librarians and Public Services: A Changing Role?

Patricia A. Eskoz

This paper examines the extent to which professional catalog librarians in academic libraries are involved in activities often considered part of "public services."A brief review of current literature is followed by presentation of results of a survey begun in 1983-84. Questionnaires sent to catalog department heads in academic libraries throughout the United States resulted in 106 replies. In order to examine changes that have occurred since the initial survey, telephone interviews were conducted in 1986-87 and in 1988 with forty and twenty of the original respondents, respectively. Most of the libraries still maintain a public/technical services organizational split, although a few have experimented with variations. The majority involve catalogers in some outside activities such as reference work, collection development, and/or bibliographic instruction; however, the amount of time spent in these tasks is usually minimal. A slight increase in such activities was found to have occurred within the time frame involved. A summary of department heads' reactions to job sharing is given, which is neither wholly positive nor negative. The author suggests some logical areas in which an expanded role for catalog librarians would be beneficial.

Modeling Library Materials Expenditure: Initial Experiments at Arizona State University

Charles W. Brownson

A quantitative model that attempts to explain variation in expenditure by subject in terms understandable as selection policy is described. The purpose is to create a management tool that explicates the link between policy and selection practice while avoiding the controlled environment of allocation formulas. The model tested is a prototype, deliberately simplified to determine whether the complex selection process can be simulated for practical purposes by an easily understood and maintained model. This does appear possible, and the reductive model is richer than expected. The initial experiments are analyzed and methods of analysis discussed; refinements and areas for continued research are suggested.