With the introduction of high technology into library operations the global bibliographical database to which Dorothy Anderson referred in 1976 is much closer to a reality, making the need for universal bibliographic control (UBC) even more essential. After a review of the major steps taken toward UBC in the past twenty years, the paper is a critique of some of the shortfalls in the UNESCO/IFLA program. For example, we still do not exchange authority files easily or provide for universal subject access. The developing countries, which could benefit most from UBC, are still removed from it because of a lack of resources and reliable telecommunications and the slow introduction of technology. Advances such as electronic publishing are put in context in order to suggest an expanded role for UBC in the future.
The collection development literature of 1989 shows how well the profession is coping with declining budgets, spiraling costs, and new technologies. A selective number of articles and books on the following topics are reviewed: general works on collection development; financing; serials; new technology; collection evaluation and measurement; automation; cooperative arrangements; selection and review; preservation, storage and collection size; vendors and acquisitions; and education and training. The literature suggests that librarians in charge of collection development must continue to deal with financial burdens and an expanding list of demands for new materials in all formats.
Four new, commercially available book copiers significantly reduce damage to book bindings incurred with traditional photocopiers and now offer an alternative to preserving works that are rare, fragile, tightly bound, or too brittle to handle. This paper discusses the new photocopiers and major equipment factors -- specifically paper, toner, ultraviolet light, and machine design -- that should be considered in preservation photocopying. The systems analysis approach used to identify needs, collect data, and evaluate the photocopiers available should help identify a book copier that best serves particular needs and, fits specific budgets.
This paper examines trends in the preservation of library materials as expressed in the published literature from 1989. The trends include action to increase the use of acid free paper in printing and more work on the problems of mass deacidification technology. There is an increase in funding for preservation. Improving cooperative efforts are seen in an increase in preservation activity in library, state, national, and international organizations. Scholarly concerns about the loss of brittle materials are solicited and expressed in the literature. There is an interest in improving preservation education. A bibliography is given of the literature cited.
The author reviews the literature of the reproduction of library materials published in 1989. Literature reviewed belongs to the archives and library professions, as well as to the reprographics and imaging industries. Topics include use and impact of both established and new technologies.
The spring 1988 version of the Books in Print Plus (BIP Plus) CD-ROM database is explored in detail to determine (1) the broad characteristics, in terms of language, price, publication date, etc., of the material currently in print in the U.S. book trade; and (2) the value of BIP Plus as a tool for answering complex questions and testing specific hypotheses concerning the book trade. This exploratory study discusses a number of problems involved in searching the BIP Plus database but concludes it offers much potential as a research tool.
Cooperative cataloging has been accepted as a norm by libraries large and small for quite some time. Cooperative authority maintenance, however, has not been practiced widely, although one can quickly see the advantage of large, combined resources for authority maintenance due to elimination of duplicate efforts. This paper examines the cooperative efforts of the Western Library Network and its members to maintain authority control over its central bibliographic database. The first section describes the authority maintenance activities by WLN centrally; the second section describes one WLN member library's contribution to authority maintenance and its efforts in updating its local online catalog.