This article provides a different perspective than the other "Year's Work" articles. For the first time, each technical services area is viewed only from the aspect of automation. The reader might ask, of course, if there is any area of technical services not affected by automation. The answer in 1989 is no.
Articles on any aspect of serials in library and information science journals published since the last review were scanned for possible inclusion in this bibliography. While information on serials, especially serials pricing, has begun to appear in other fields, space considerations restricted my focus and prevented a comprehensive listing. Nevertheless, this year's work on serials is as varied as serials themselves. There is a lot of good reading ahead!
The Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) data model holds great potential for improving access to library resources, but may not affect all libraries in the same way. The Joint Steering Committee for Revision of AACR, assisted by the work of its Format Variation Working Group, is exploring ways to incorporate FRBR into the next edition of the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules to facilitate collocation at the level of the FRBR entity expression. Several library system vendors are also adding FRBR-based functionality to their systems. A combination of these two approaches to FRBR can provide significant benefits to users. Most FRBR entities and attributes are already present in library catalog records, and the influence of FRBR can also be seen in existing library activities. FRBR is thus not something totally foreign, but a fresh, more rigorous way of thinking about what libraries already do that provides a basis for designing new ways to improve users’ access to library resources.
Joseph Barker, speculating on what acquisitions and collection development
will be like in the year 2001, predicts these functions will be linked by computers
to all appropriate library and commercial sources. While we have a long way
to go to reach the technological paradise Barker describes, the future is now
for much of this, as the articles for 1988 demonstrate. Automation is being
used extensively in all areas of collection develop¬ment as well as in the
more traditional acquisitions areas.
In addition to articles describing the applications of technology, more traditional concerns, especially approval plans, acquiring out-of-print books, and collection evaluation were widely discussed in the literature. The paramount concern among collection development and acquisitions librarians (as well as library administrators) in 1988 was the continued in-crease in costs of serials and the resulting impact on library budgets; the many articles related to this issue are covered in Davis' "Year's Work in Serials, 1988."
The great volume of publications in our field in 1989 attests to a productive year for scholarship on descriptive cataloging. The author has had to be selective in the articles and books she reviewed. For simplicity, the array of publications has been divided under eight headings: Theory, AACR2 Revised and Cataloging Manuals, Nonbook Cataloging, Authority Control, Shared Cataloging, Retrospective Conversion, Management, Expert Systems and Education and Recruiting.
The year 1989 saw the publication of new editions of a number of stan¬dard
subject analysis tools, including the twentieth edition of the Dewey Decimal
Classification, the twelfth edition of Library of Congress Subject Headings,
and the third edition of LC's Subject Cataloging Manual. The persistence of
these and other long-standing guides to subject analysis does not indicate that
the field is static; rather, they provide a stable context within which much
thoughtful and inventive work is taking place.
What follows is a selective survey and bibliography of the past year's library and information science journal literature relating to that work in the field of subject analysis, control, and access. Also included in the bibliography are several surveys similar to this one that appeared in 1989 (Lancaster et al., Taylor, and Wolner).
Libraries are beginning to create a new automated environment by building their own computer-to-computer networks of information systems. In the process, they have been relaxing their adherence to standards, a practice that could lead to serious problems in the future. The areas in greatest need of standards are identified. Major issues contributing to the problem of lack of adequate standards are discussed.
A model for core-collection development appropriate for large and medium-sized research libraries is proposed. A strategy of mechanical selection is suggested that will ensure the quality of core selection as well as release selectors from the burden of core selection so they might spend more time identifying difficult materials.
This paper presents results from two surveys of catalog departments in academic libraries throughout the United States: the first by written questionnaire in 1983-84, with responses from 106 catalog department heads; the second by telephone interviews in 1986-87 with forty of the original respondents. Topics examined include analysis of the most cornmon departmental organizational patterns, the extent to which the role of the professional is managerial, and the level of cataloging considered the responsibility of professionals and that which is delegated to support staff. Changes in the traditional role for professional catalogers are occurring slowly. A recommendation is offered for increasing involvement of paraprofessionals in higher-level cataloging. There is recognition of the continuing need for the professional catalog librarian 's responsibility in the creation and maintenance of meaningful bibliographic records.
The indexes to the 1978 and 1988 editions of AACR2 are compared and evaluated. The format of the index follows the recommendations of the major standards, but the indexer's use of chain index structure and omission of concrete topics create difficulties for catalogers. The structure is explained and illustrated, and examples of missing entries and cross-references are provided. A list of recommended types of additions and changes to the index concludes the paper, with the goal of their adoption in the next edition of AACR.
In this, the final paper of our session Liz Bishoff identifies the need, when introducing new technology, to undertake a systematic analysis of the work being done throughout the library. New tools can change not just the amount and kind of work done in different units but also the way in which different groups of staff relate to one another. She shows how, at Pasadena Public Library, such an analysis led to a different and more efficient organization of that library.