In public and academic libraries, the professional librarian has an obligation to represent fairly the values and viewpoints of all segments of society. This has been a difficult obligation to fulfill due to conflicts existing within our own professional value system-conflicts that affect decision making and our degree of commitment to any stated goal. Professional goals and ideals that demonstrate such conflicts are presented in this paper with suggestions for a possible means to their resolution.
Many libraries have not yet completed retrospective conversion of their catalogs. Users must therefore search both manual and online files to access an entire collection; thus the relative accuracy of these files is an important issue. In this study, a new online catalog and an existing card catalog were compared to detect levels and types of errors, and to determine if the online catalog needed extensive upgrading. Results indicated the online catalog was more accurate, and the card catalog was apt to present progressively more problems for users.
Form subdivisions should be recognized as descriptions of genres or kinds of books; nonliterary works fall into genres as often as literary works. The LC subject cataloging pmmice of adding form subdivisions to topical headings amounts to a useful rule of description in terms of topic and kind. LC 's scheme of genre description is incomplete and could be extended usefully. These general claims are illustrated by the case of the subdivision "Addresses, essays, lectures, " which was dropped properly from LCSH but left improperly without a replacement.
The creation of bibliographic records for conference publications is difficult for catalogers and the records are difficult for reference librarians and patrons to use. Those identified only by a generic term for a meeting and the name of the corporate body holding the meeting present special problems. This study examines user behavior and preferences when searching for meetings identified by a generic term for meeting and the name of a corporate body holding the meeting. Current cataloging practice is evaluated in the light of the findings.
Algae comprise a much more diverse group of organisms than do the flowering plants, but this is ignored by Library of Congress Classification (LCC). Using the family as the basic unit of classification for algae, LCC puts all families together alphabetically, as for flowering plants. However, all flowering plant families are in the same botanical division, whereas algal families fall into many fundamentally different divisions. Alphabetical arrangement of families, mixed with higher taxa, results in very peculiar groupings of unlike subjects. Dewey Decimal Classifica¬tion (DDC) uses divisions rather than families for algal literature and follows a hierarchical arrangement that corresponds to botanical classification. DDC's hierarchy is superior to LCC 's alphabetical arrangement of habitats, but for applied science aspects, LCC allows for better specificity than DDC.
Poor bibliographic access to materials in Ottoman Turkish has impeded the study of the Ottoman Empire and its civilization. A major reason for this poor access has been the inadequate treatment of Ottoman Turkish personal names in American cataloging codes. Correcting this situation requires attention both to the unique nature of Ottoman names and to the guiding principles and specific provisions of AACR2. This can be accomplished through consistent romanization of Ottoman names, by basing Ottoman headings on all available sources of information, and by entering the resultant name in direct order with references from the other elements of the name.
I would like to explore the past with you-what I call the "fashions" in serials cataloging-to see how we got where we are now. I looked at a number of sets of cataloging rules made and apparently used in the United States. It is clear that these rules had some influence on the practice of serials cataloging in this country and certainly influenced each other in the sense that the persons, conunittees, and institutions preparing them looked backward always to see what had been done or recommended before. I will talk about only two things: the entry of serials, and what is suggested if the serial changes its title or the person or corporate body under which it is entered changes.