Abstracts

LRTS v 33, no. 4, October 1989

The Year's Work in Circulation Control, 1988

Ryoko Toyama

The number of libraries implementing integrated or linked circulation systems has increased dramatically in the recent past. Operational relation-ships between bibliographic and physical access control in such libraries are much stronger. Sophisticated management reports, generated from the automated circulation system, provide more information on use, some of which is useful to collection development operations. In libraries with integrated or linked circulation systems, the circulation staff are more aware of the operations in other departments.
Working in this type of environment, I became interested in a systematic literature search in circulation control with the Library Resources & Technical Services framework in mind. I wanted to determine the quantity and contents of the publications and their relevance to current crucial issues and future studies. With this background, "The Year's Work in Circulation Control, 1987" was published last year.' It was derived from a relatively small number of sources when compared to a more defined area such as subject access. Items cited were mostly brief reports on implementation of certain systems or procedures, or case studies, and fell into three broad categories: automated circulation systems, circulation analyses, and current-awareness issues. The references reflected current trends and interests and provided a basis for determining the need for further studies. Without a history of systematic literature searches in circulation control in recent years, however, at the conclusion of the 1987 article I could only suggest that "periodic surveys of literature on circulation control may be-come more meaningful in the future." This follow-up literature search in circulation control is presented to support this conclusion.

The Year's Work in Nonbook Processing, 1988

Nancy B. Olson and Edward Swanson

The publication of the 1988 revision of the second edition of the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules (AACR2R) was the major event of the year for catalogers. While many of the changes in it had been implemented earlier, the 1988 revision was welcomed by nonbook catalogers, as it reconciled minor inconsistencies between chapters. Some rules (for example, 1.4C8, 1.4D9, and 1.4F9 for the treatment of unpublished items) were moved into chapter 1 or expanded there, making them valid for all types of material. The revision was described in an ALA program in New Orleans, as reported by Ferguson.

The Literature of Online Public Access Catalogs, 1980-85: An Analysis of Citation Patterns

Carolyn O. Frost

This paper reports the findings of a citation analysis of journal articles published between January 1980 through April 1985 dealing with online public access catalogs. The cited works were analyzed to determine patterns in subject content, date, publication format, authorship affiliation, and type of authorship. The text of the citing articles was analyzed to determine how the cited publication was used within the work. Findings revealed that the literature has many characteristics identified with a scholarly or scientific literature, and also indicate evidence of a research thrust.

Writing Technical Specifications for Database Authorization

Jack Kranz

Librarians with minimal knowledge of library systems applications are finding themselves faced with the task of writing technical specifications for various phases of OPAC or COM catalog procurement and implementation. Guidance in the preparation of these technical specifications and assistance in formulating requirements to be included in a library's invitation for bid for authority control services are offered.

Science Citation Index Data as a Safety Net for Basic Science Books Considered for Weeding

Amrita J. Burdick

Older basic science books that failed to meet other criteria for collection retention were checked in Science Citation Index. Citations per book varied from 200 references to none, with the more heavily cited works eventually retained. While a manual search of three years of the printed Science Citation Index proved highly feasible and reliable, use of the online version for this purpose is awkward. Book titles are not given on the online version, reducing its reliability for weeding decisions.

An Educational Challenge: Teaching Cataloging and Classification

Beatrice Kovacs

In recent years articles have appeared in the literature on the changing role of the cataloger, and complaints have arisen about the comprehensiveness of cataloging and classification courses offered in graduate library schools. This paper discusses the challenges of offering such courses and in presenting all the necessary information in introductory cataloging and classification courses for M.L.S. students.

Science and Technology Approval Plans Compared

Gloriana St. Clair and Jane Treadwell

This study compared the performance of two general approval plan vendors with that of two sci/tech specialty vendors in identifying sci/tech titles that matched a library profile. No significant difference existed in the number of titles supplied. Coverage within given disciplines reflected overall coverage. Commercial publishers were better represented than university presses and societies. Difficulties in using an approval plan to cover sci/tech subject areas persist.

Are Children and Teenagers Second-Class Users?

Kay E. Vandergrift

One very important group of library users is routinely subjected to restrictions regarding access to resources. A number of technical services policies, primarily relating to circulation but also including cataloging and collection development, prevent full access for children and youth. Technical service librarians can work closely with those in youth services so as not to waste the opportunity to make young people full members of the library community.

Rethinking Subject Cataloging in the Online Environment

Marcia J. Bates

New search capabilities in online catalogs have numerous implications for (1) the use of subject cataloging in existing records, (2) the design of thesauri, and (3) the design of the online catalog user-system interface. Online search capabilities are themselves seen as a form of indexing, and it is argued that access is determined by the total mix of preexisting and added "search capability" indexing. The design of a "superthesaurus " as part of a friendly front-end user interface is described. Said thesaurus is geared to the needs of users rather than indexers and incorporates the findings of recent research on the patterns of subject description by searchers. Its design also reflects the different demands of online searching as opposed to manual searching.