If the topic of "cataloging" is divided simply into description and subject analysis, then no matter how broadly the two segments are defined, a great deal of what constitutes cataloging is not covered. This review, therefore, is not limited to description. It focuses first on descriptive cataloging, but it also covers cataloging in general, including organizational and management issues, as well as conside¬ation of catalogers, their role and education. To the extent that serials and mono-graphic cataloging have common concerns, they are included. Cataloging issues specific to serials are not treated here, since they are covered in another paper.
This overview is based on personal examination of 152 items in U.S. library journals, largely those of serials research and practice, including regular issues and supplements. It excludes irregular series, annuals, newsletters, and regional publications. Most papers appeared in 1987, but some 1986 items distributed in 1987 are included. Many articles make several points, but each entry is discussed here under only one topical group for reasons of space. Articles summarizing oral presentations of several librarians at conferences arc cited and discussed as if they were exclusively the work of the author of the summary. This avoids disruptive interpolations in the text and elaborate analytic entries in the bibliography.
The literature for 1987 in library materials preservation reflects its expansion, maturation, and growth in influence. This review examines major English-language articles and monographs but excludes technical publications, except for those covering technical advances important to the field.
Collection management is in the broadest sense an economic responsibility,
and its concerns and progress necessarily reflect prevailing economic conditions.
If there is any link among the great variety of 1987 publications on collection
management, it is an understandable preoccupation with a renewed onset of austerity.
Pricing of library materials continues to occupy a prominent place in the literature,
and cooperative collection development remains a favorite means to contend with
eroding materials budgets-at least in print. However, most 1987 publications
were written well before the uncertainties spawned by the stock market crash
and subsequent accelerated decline in the exchange value of the dollar. Therefore,
the 1987 preoccupation with budget inadequacies is only a prelude to what will
doubtless evolve into the dominant theme of the 1988 literature.
What follows is a very selective overview of 1987 publications. A few items published too late to be incorporated into Wortman's very thorough 1986 review (184) also have been included. Excluded are reports on the content of individual collections, unless they are intended to be applied to collection management in general.
Personal book collecting and bibliophily are also not covered. Most importantly, items relating specifically to the collection management of serials are excluded from this review by editorial policy: a discussion of those publications appears elsewhere in this issue.