Abstracts

LRTS v 31, no. 3, July 1987

The Dichotomous Collection

David L. Vidor and Elizabeth Futas

Library collections supporting professional education were examined using a business collection as a prototype. The coexistence of professional and academic materials within the library collection was determined before an examination of patron use for each component was conducted. In addition to measuring potential use of library materials during their first three years on the shelf, the researchers compared relative patron use of academic and professional books during a maximum of nine shelf years. The researchers tested the hypothesis that, because of their nature and content, professional books would become obsolete before academic books.

The Rise of Eurojournals: Their Success Can Be Ours

Tony Stankus and Kevin Rosseel

The number of science journals that, focus explicitly on European research is increasing. These Eurojournals are compared with individual national and international titles. Their success is gauged, and their remaining shortcomings discussed. As they earn the loyalty of the best European contributors, they provide Americans with an attractive alternative to a large assortment of foreign subscriptions.

The Office for Descriptive Cataloging Policy at the library of Congress

Ben R. Tucker

Functions and concerns of the Office for Descriptive Cataloging Policy at the Library of Congress are explained. The office answers questions about cataloging rules and interprets them for its staff and for others outside the library through correspondence, telephone calls and person-to-person discussion, and documents decisions in the form of rule interpretations. In addition, it maintains documentation of procedures for its own operations as well as for the tables eventually issued as ALA/LC Romanization Tables.

Uniform Title as Author: A Problem in Online Catalogs?

Thomas R. Sanders

The author reviewed a wide range of retrieval problems that arose in connection with the implementation of the NOTIS system at Auburn University, especially the problem of retrieving uniform titles coded as if they were authors. Though NOTIS programming subsequently was altered to cause these access points to index twice -- once in the author index and again in the title index -- it might be more appropriate to consider whether changes are needed in the underlying format so that there is a universal solution to this potential retrieval problem.

"Scientific Illustration" in Some Boston Area Libraries: An Art Historian's View of Library Subject Analysis

Alexandra Herz

An investigation of the subject heading and classification practices in several Boston art libraries for books of scientific illustration. As an art historian and current student of librarianship, the author asks whether art libraries recognize scientific illustration as art, and if so, if this recognition is given expression through classification numbers and subject headings as an art historian might anticipate.

Automating the Circulation Services of a Small Library

Jean Ann Gaudet

A discussion of the management predicaments encountered in decision making for a very small school library and the reasons procedures recommended in the literature may not be applicable. The author explains procedures for implementing an online circulation system in this setting.