I intend to look first at what the likely developments in applied technology will mean for bibliographic organization and access as we visualize the library of the future. I'll start by making several assumptions, although some of them are almost certain to prove less than one hundred percent accurate. In 2006, libraries will continue to hold substantial book-form collections, thanks not only to serious efforts at preservation and the impracticality of transforming all existing texts into such alternate formats as optical disk, but also to the likelihood that many standard monographic materials will continue to be published in the eminently convenient traditional book format. While shorter documents are likely to be maintained in electronic databases with on-demand printing of hard copy, more extensive texts may continue to appear in bound editions, at least when a significant amount of reader interest is anticipated. More esoteric texts are less likely to be issued in conventional book format if machine-readable copy can be maintained more economically than volumes could be printed and bound.
"Text and Technology" was presented on June 29, 1986, at the RTSD program "Here Today, (W)here Tomorrow? Future Challenges for Resources and Technical Services in the Information Age." The author of this "Best of the 1986 Conference" paper is an Assistant Professor, Classics Department, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and currently a Junior Fellow at the Society for the Humanities at Cornell University. Some of the material for this paper has been taken from the author's essay on the impact of the computer on the humanities, delivered at the colloquium ''The Humanities and the American People," held throughout the academic year 1985/86 at he University of Virginia.
This paper will trace some of the historical background of the resulting National Information Standards Organization (N ISO) Z39 standard for serial holdings statements. Particular emphasis will be placed on comparing and contrasting the earlier standard with the new, and on anticipating some of the questions that may arise in the application of the new standard.
In the third phase of research sponsored by the Public Library Association 's Task Force on Network Relations, a survey of 552 randomly selected network participants and nonparticipants in the United States compiled information on the status of the public library in bibliographic networks. The aspects identified and measured were perceptions of participation, reasons for not participating, reactions to services, and suggestions for increasing participation. Recommendations are made for future actions on the part of the Public Library Association and the networks to ensure the design of services beneficial to public libraries.
Acquisitions librarians at two different universities conducted a study of the performance of four vendors by ordering the same titles at the same time. Both libraries are introducing automation for which reassessment of vendors is needed. The study was designed to show which vendor performed best in areas of delivery time, discount, fulfillment, and service, in order to provide supportive data for management decisions in acquisitions.
How does automation affect staffing? Does it save money? Northwestern University Library's decade and a half of experience with computer support for processing operations provides an unusually long-term view for analyzing the impact of automation upon staffing. Technical services staff reallocations and reductions, the resulting improvements in services, and the savings in salaries are discussed.
This paper describes the process used at the University of Minnesota-St. Paul Campus Libraries to provide a public COM catalog, including discussion of the planning and problem solving that resulted in its successful introduction.
A library depends on an orderly arrangement; if this order is lost, the library is lost. Following a library disaster, what had been a library became a jumble of 100,000 volumes. Discouraged by the thought of manually sorting this mountain of books, we devised a system using computers that enormously simplified the task.