Abstracts

LRTS v 30, no. 3, July 1986

Technical Services in 1984 and 1985: Micrographics, Optical Disk Technology, and Fair Use

Tamara Swora and Audrey Fischer

During 1984 and 1985 the literature abounded with articles, newsletters, and reports about the new information technologies-all in preparation for further implementation of optical disk and related electronic storage and transmission systems. An increasing number of optical disk products appeared, although not great in number and relatively untested. There was a definite trend toward integrated or hybrid systems, from small stand-alone systems to large, mainframe-based document retrieval systems. Optical disk systems based on personal computers were also an important development following the general growth in electronic products and publishing. These new technologies have seriously challenged the definition of fair use, judging from the numerous articles, written by both the user and the proprietary community, calling for a redefinition of the current copyright law.

Technical Services in 1984 and 1985: Resources

Marcia Pankake

More than three hundred books and articles dealing with work in library resources -- collection development and management, acquisitions, and related topics --appeared in 1984 and 1985. More than eighty journals carried relevant articles. This review selectively surveys that literature. Works cited here were chosen either because they treat new aspects of resources or old aspects in new ways and because they advance the discussion of topics of particular current interest or, in the case of research studies, invite replication. Many topics are omitted, including collection security, inventory, descriptions of collections in particular libraries, and subjects falling within the purview of other reviews in this issue.

Technical Services in 1984 and 1985: Serials

Germaine C. Linkins

A review of the literature on serials and serials librarianship for 1984 and 1985 shows a myriad of activities in a very wide arena. Yet the automation gains in recent years have produced an interdependence among serialists that both shrinks our world and, at the same time, opens up new avenues of knowledge and cooperation undreamed of twenty-five years ago. Sharing has become the byword that links the disparate activities of the serialist's world. As we look at the various facets that make up the last two years of serials work, it is easy to see the interrelationships that have promoted change.

Descriptive Cataloging: A Selected, Annotated Bibliography, 1984-1985

C. Donald Cook and Ellen Jones

Publications concerned with theory, principles, and serious consideration of alternatives for the future appear intermittently but are not frequent. Some reports of experiments in expert systems, using artificial intelligence applied to descriptive cataloguing, are beginning to appear; no breakthroughs have occurred, but this is one of the few areas where authors are concerned with possibilities for the future rather than with today's direct applications. Much has been published on electronic publishing, but the implications of many of its forms for descriptive cataloguing have yet to be addressed. In surveying the literature of the past two years, one can note that if good cataloguers are wanted (as the title of one article suggests), those entering the field continue to be well served by new and improved editions of cataloguing manuals and textbooks.

A Survey of the Literature on Subject Analysis for 1984-1985

Doris Cruger Dale and Betty-Ruth Wilson

This review of materials published in 1984 or 1985 includes books, journal articles, dissertations, microfiche documents, and papers presented at conferences. Selections include publications on book classification, subject headings, thesauri, and those articles and books on indexing thought to be useful to subject catalogers or teachers of cataloging ' and classification. All issues of selected journals were searched; newsletters, free publications, journals in foreign languages, and journals published overseas that were not easily available were excluded. Items which were not seen but for which reviews or other descriptive material were available are marked with a double cross at the end of the abstract.

A Two-Year Perspective on library Preservation: An Annotated Bibliography

Lisa L. Fox

The field of library preservation grew and matured substantially during 1984 and 1985. The intent in compiling this bibliography is to cite the significant publications, to reflect historical development, and to trace the germination of ideas and programs in library preservation. The literature of these two years includes many new publications that contribute to our understanding of the nature and preservation of library materials. At the same time, it indicates many areas in which scientific research and testing are being conducted, others in which standards are being developed, and still others in which the need for study is being articulated.