The management of technical services in the small library is presumed to be different from the management of technical services in the large library. This belief is held by the librarian in the small library as well as by the librarian in the large library. This paper suggests that size is not what differentiates the large technical services department from the smaller one, but rather that it is the goals of the organization. For the technical services department to operate effectively and efficiently, goals that complement and support the operation of the entire organization must be established.
As the small library begins the transition into the twenty first century, it must evaluate collection development plans and procedures. The catalog should be examined in terms of collection control. Machine databases should be built for future online catalogs that will improve access to collections. The small library must become involved in research to improve the bibliographic control of monographs.
Practical procedures adopted by small public libraries for the collection development and bibliographic control of .serials must be responsive to the local community and only as sophisticated as is necessary to keep the serials from getting out of control. Restrictions of small staffs and budgets must not impede potential for future growth, adherence to standards, and delivery of service.
Serials management is a more problematic issue for small college libraries than it is for larger academic institutions. Due to budget constraints and limited personnel, small libraries generally have neither the gamut of necessary serial reference tools nor the depth of staff specialization to fully master the various complexities of serials administration. This paper examines some specific serials issues as they have been addressed by a small academic library and concludes that computer technology may be the means to professionalizing small library serials management.
This paper outlines practical steps to be taken that will include nonprint materials in the mainstream procedures of technical services operations from selection, through ordering, cataloging, and processing, to shelving.
This paper offers suggestions and outlines procedures for the preservation of the resources of a small library. It includes sections on environment, library binding, simple in-house repairs, the care of unique objects, and disaster planning. A brief bibliography is appended.
Automation is becoming increasingly available to small libraries. Smaller systems with library applications are being introduced, and generic microcomputer software is becoming easier to adapt to library needs. This paper suggests some practical steps the uninitiated librarian can take to become more familiar with automation opportunities. It also discusses some of the issues that should be considered in choosing an automation system for the small library.
This paper presents a few of the ways in which libraries with a special emphasis on area studies handle the classification of their materials in order to provide a geographical approach to their collections. The systems described are those developed and used in six libraries the author visited in Great Britain and South Africa.
The inadequate coverage of religious topics in early editions of the Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) led to the creation of several special lists of theological subject headings. Although these lists are no longer widely used, lingering dissatisfaction with LCSH among theological librarians suggests that the case for theological subject headings should be reconsidered. In the study reported in this paper all headings in the fifth modified (1982) edition of Catholic Subject Headings (CSH) were compared with their closest counterparts, if mg, in the ninth (1980) edition of LCSH to determine the extent of duplication and the nature of the differences. It was found that 59.7% of the headings are identical or differ only through the addition of an LCSH standard subdivision. The remaining 40.3% are unique to CSH. On the basis of these findings, recommendations are made for the future development of theological subject headings.
Problems in the cataloging of conference proceedings, and their treatment by some of the major cataloging codes, are briefly reviewed. To determine how conference papers are cited in the literature, and thus how researchers are likely to be seeking them in the catalog, fifty conference papers in the field of chemistry, delivered in 1970 and subsequently published, were searched in the Science Citation Index covering a ten-year period. The citations to the papers were examined to ascertain the implications of current citation practices for the cataloging of conference proceedings. The results suggest that conference proceedings are customarily cited like any other work of collective authorship and that the conference name is of little value as an access point.
Authority control has traditionally been provided in library catalogs in a manual mode. Automated systems are providing the opportunity to devise new kinds of authority control and to automate some of the tedious authority control tasks of the past. Various methods of automated authority control available at present are described and analyzed in this paper. Questions to ask when considering the purchase of a system are suggested.