Much has been written on automating acquisitions and on library planning; this article adds to the literature a number of detailed recommendations for long-range planning for automating library functions. The suggestions are based on and exemplified by the experience of a large academic library in preparing for the automation of its acquisitions and fund accounting functions. The article discusses the preliminary activities essential to the formulation of the functional and technical requirements segment of a request for proposal and to the preparation of a library staff well equipped to implement the system.
The Pittsburgh Regional Library Center Serials Cancellation Project originated as a result of substantial cuts in serial subscriptions by many libraries in western Pennsylvania in 1980. To make cancellation decisions and yet retain as broadly based a serials collection as possibile in the region, the libraries attempted to com¬municate with each other in traditional nonmachine ways. Under development at the same time, the Pennsylvania Union List of Serials, a large, widely available database of bibliographic and holdings records, seemed to have the potential to com¬municate cancellation decisions as they occurred. This article reviews the history of the Serials Cancellation Project conducted by the Pittsburgh Regional Library Center with a grant from the Council on Library Resources. Technical details for implementing the project via the OCLC database are discussed and the findings of the project summarized It was concluded that the use of large-scale online databases such as union lists of serials offers considerable potential to aid collection development officers and library managers.
Surveys were conducted to determine how libraries handle the conference publications of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, the availability of suitable cataloging, and the preference of library patrons regarding access to these publications. The conclusions were that most libraries fully catalog their IEEE conference publications, using readily available but sometimes difficult to retrieve Library of Congress cataloging, and that library patrons frequently require series access to these valuable publications.
The study examines the microfiche edition of the catalog of the Austrian National Library as a bibliographic tool for American libraries. After briefly sketching the history of the Austrian National Library to help define the catalog, the article offers an objective description of it and indicates some of the problems with its use. Some methodological considerations of drawing a random sample from a microfiche catalog are discussed. On the basis of a random sample, the authors describe the holdings of the Austrian National Library in terms of place, date, language of title, and nature of the material. The same sample is used to compare this catalog with other more familiar tools, namely the National Union Catalog, covering pre-1956 imprints, and the Gesamtverzeichnis des deutschsprachigen Schrifttums (1700-1911). The Austrian National Library catalog provides a substantial range of bibliographic information beyond the other two. An attempt is made to define the types of materials identified only in the Austrian National Library catalog.
Artificial intelligence (AI) is already part of the cataloging world. To support this contention, four AI concepts that have relevance for information retrieval systems are discussed and applied to the area of authority control in automated catalogs. Existing automated authority control systems are then analyzed, using two other Al concepts, augmentation and delegation. In conclusion, several implications of the relationship between AI and authority control are drawn.
Although the past several years have seen improvements in the information retrieval tools in common use in libraries, there are still many anomalies and prejudices to overcome. Some of these are illustrated by examples from the ninth edition of the Library of Congress Subject Headings, the nineteenth edition of the Dewey Decimal Classification, and the third abridged edition of the Universal Decimal Classification. With the tremendous opportunity afforded by the freezing of the Library of Congress card catalogs effectively ignored, it is suggested that we need to reassess the purpose of shelf classification and subject headings in the light of the increasing use of computers for information retrieval.