Abstracts

LRTS v 26, no. 2, April 1982

Australia, LCSH and FLASH

John McKinley

The paper describes the first edition of the List of Australian Subject Headings, and sets it in the context of the history of subject cataloguing in Australia and of the origins of LCSH. The reasons LCSH needs to be modified for Australian use are described, and some future possibilities for subject cataloguing in Australia, and for LCSH, are suggested.

A Guide to Reference Tools for Cataloging Africana

Gail J. Junion

Africana materials are notoriously difficult to catalog. The number of publications about and from Africa has increased rapidly in the last two decades, proportionately increasing the number of problem books that cross the cataloger's desk. Although much has been published about the problems of cataloging Africana, very little actually aids the cataloger in finding answers to the practical questions raised by these materials. Answers are found in scattered and sometimes obscure publications. There has long been a need for a guide to these sources of information. Here is such a guide, compiled with the needs of both the generalist and specialist cataloger in mind.

Is There a Catalog in Your Future? Access to Information in the Year 2006

Nancy J. Williamson

 

"Access to Good and Current Reading": Collection Development in the Feminine Reading Society in Copenhagen

Erwin K. Welsch

This article describes the origins and collection development procedures. of the Kvindelig Loeseforening (Feminine Reading Society) in Copenhagen. The leaders of the society, particularly Charlotte Klein, viewed it as an extension of adult education. They were conservative in their selections but were affected by changes in Danish society, and they gradually accepted realist literature. The society became one of the largest women organizations in Scandinavia and lasted for ninety years.

Cost-Effectiveness of Soviet Serial Exchanges

Jana K. Stevens, Jade G. Kelley, and Richard G. Irons

While the traditional view has been that Soviet publications were best acquired through exchanges, a recent review of Soviet serials at Duke University Library suggests that this may no longer be as true as it once was. The availability of Soviet publications through normal trade channels has increased in recent years. Because of this fact, the importance of maintaining equitable exchanges in economic terms has increased. Our examination has shown that it should not be assumed that such exchanges are equitable. Regular reviews are recommended to serve the needs of libraries best.

How Human-Usable Is Interchangeable? Or, Shall We Produce Catalogues or Babelographic Towers?

Frans Heymans

A number of international bibliographic standards, like the Paris Principles, the International Standard Bibliographic Descriptions, and the ISO standard for abbreviations, are evaluated in the light of Universal Bibliographic Control. This article has been written with the communication problems (cultural, linguistic, etc.) of the heterogeneous UBC public in mind. The author emphasizes the importance and possibilities of authority files as search keys to bibliographic descriptions and suggests that universal uniform headings be replaced by international standard control forms. With regard to bibliographic descriptions, the multipurpose use of (automatically) translatable descriptive information is proposed.

The Automation of Technical Services in Venezuela's National Library: Aspects of a Transfer of Library Technology

Thomas P. McGinn

This article deals with the organization of an acquisitions project for the Venezuelan National Library and its development into a means of automating its cataloging operations. The Venezuela Project, carried out at Northwestern University from 1976 to 1979, and its impact on Venezuela's technical services are described. Observations are made about the potential of the new system for setting up a national bibliographic and information network and for solving some of the problems hindering the use of centralized cataloging in Latin American libraries.

The History and Impact of ISBD

Marybeth Milcetich

This paper traces the need for and development of the ISBD program. The current status of the different ISBDs is reviewed. The paper also briefly points out the early criticisms of ISBD, its final acceptance, and the many benefits it has brought.

Some Thoughts on the Dewey Decimal Classification

Ron Linden

 

Extraterrestrials in the Dewey Decimal System; or, A Study of the Dewey Decimal Classification as Pertains to the Contact of Homo sapiens with Extraterrestrial Sentient Life.

Libby Jones

 

Revising the Dewey Music Schedules: Tradition vs. Innovation

Robert H. Hassell

This article presents a statistical comparison of the music schedules of the Dewey decimal classification and the Library Association's proposal for a total revision of these schedules. The analysis is based on the ability of each classification to serve the needs of library patrons using the shelf arrangement to retrieve scores for performance purposes.
The basis of the comparison presented here is a random sample of 400 chamber-music scores chosen from the British Catalogue of Music. Each classification is analyzed for its strengths and weaknesses in terms of its ability to meet the needs of performers, and the classifications are then compared using standard statistical methods.
The paper concludes with a discussion of whether or not the Library Association's proposal is a proper vehicle for a phoenix treatment of DDC 780 and some of the consequences of including it in some future edition of DDC.

Problems in Applying AACR2 to Music Materials

Sam Richmond

Successive revisions in cataloging codes have posed special problems for music materials primarily because the economics of music publishing have dictated traditional departures in bibliographic presentation. The adoption of AACR2 additionally focuses on the unique problem of participatory creation in music: the performer as author. This article studies the impact of these phenomena an certain matters of description, access points, and uniform titles.