A brief history of the last four editions of the Dewey Decimal Classification from the personal viewpoint of its seventh editor.
Fremont Rider died approximately seventeen years ago. He was a librarian of many talents, the possessor of an inventive mind, and an intellectual competitor of such other contemporary frontiersmen of American librarianship as Cutter, Biscoe, and Dewey. One of his last and least known contributions to what has eventually become history instead of practice was his International Classification for the Arrangement of Books on the Shelves of General Libraries, the only totally enumerative classification scheme yet devised. The present paper sketches Rider's life, describes critically his classification system, and posits several explanations for its publication as well as its character.
The high level of theoretical, methodological. experimental and professional achievements in psychology during the last hundred years contributed to its general aceeptaa rm as an independent scientific discipline. The traditional general classification systems, such as the widely used Dewey Decimal Classification and the Library of Congress Classification, are in many respects in-adequate to handle psychological literature. Historical analysts reveals that no substantial changes can be achieved within the restrictive frameworks of these schedules. The fact that psychology is a widely differentiated discipline indicates that new theoretical approaches to bibliographic organization, especially in relation to developing a general classification scheme for use in computer systems, will have to be established.
Since Library of Congress (LC) classification schedules for Class K "Law" have not been completed for most countries of the world, libraries using LC classification must devise local solutions for dealing with materials on foreign law. Some libraries locally classify such materials into classes other than Class K, while other libraries have drawn up their own temporary, usually simplified, local schedules. This paper describes a temporary scheme used at Knox College that allows for rapid and simple temporary classification. The scheme also allows for country subdivision and the possibility of subject division.
The introduction of computerized cataloging using OCLC has affected the organization of cataloging departments and the cataloging policies and practices of the member libraries. On the basis of a survey of 147 OCLC member academic libraries statistics are presented on (1) cataloging production on a first time use (FTU) basis; (2) size of professional and support staff; (3) utilization of staff and bibliographic resources for cataloging; (4) adherence to the Anglo-American Cataloging Rules and Library of Congress practice; and (5) the extent of verification of OCLC member records. Trends toward less verification of member records and increased use of support staff are identified, pointing to a need for greater local and regional quality control.
While all libraries receive gifts and many maintain exchange programs, the amount of gift and exchange material received and the ways in which this material is handled vary among libraries. The author examines policies and procedures relating to gifts and exchanges and investigates the organization and staffing of gift and exchange activities. Given a favorable environment, gift and exchange programs can be a cost-effective means of acquiring valuable research material for U.S. academic library collections.
An analysis of rates charged by selected U.S. libraries for producing 35mm, archival quality, silver halide microfilm, with tentative projections of future rates based on current market conditions.