The PRECIS system of subject headings was designed for use with a computer-produced subject index. Accordingly. the routines of subject heading work are clearly differentiated into clerical procedures and those that require judgment. The clerical procedures can be accomplished largely through the use of computer programs. The subject headings represent a unique combination of several different characteristics. As a result the system permits several coextensive forms of a subject name for each work. The allowable forms of subject name are restricted somewhat by the constraints of the system but the final choice amongst the various alternatives is made by the subject analyst. Often, this choice reflects his or her usage rather than any attempt to realize an explicit code for subject names. There is some evidence that this judgment varies in individual cases. Moreover, there is no empirical evidence that the alternatives permitted do reflect user convenience -- although, in fact, this may be true.
Rerently announced subject cataloging practices at the Library of Congress, calling for systematic duplication of entries at specific and generic levels, are in direct violation of the Rule of Exclusivity Specific Entry, hitherto accepted by LC. It is argued that if the new practices are justified, consistency calls for their general application, which results itr abandonment of the rule. But the new practices do not accomplish their ostensible goals, do not reveal occur of the content of LC's collections. do introduce new inconveniences, do constitute a pointless enlargement of catalogs, and hence should be abandoned.
The problem of organizing materials in career counseling information centers is an old one. A system for organizing such materials was devised for the Curricular/Career Information Service at Florida State University that has shown considerable improvement in meeting the needs of both counselors and clientele. The three-year-old system is described in detail, and a critical appraisal is given.
An analysis of the procedures used al Indiana University's Regional Campus Libraries Technical Sernires Center is presented to document a complex interface between the center's automated at acquisitions/cataloging system and the OCLC system. Four kinds of diagrams were conceptualized and executed in this process: a general flow diagram, block models, detailed flow diagrams, and activity line diagrams. The documentation provided by these diagrams played a significant role in planning and development, staff orientation, and implementationn of the interface.
In early 1975, the research library community was surveyed to determine its acceptance, application, and assessment of the provisions of the Anglo-American Cataloging Rules, North American Text (AACR) that are concerned with the cataloging of serials-rule 6 and chapter 7. Responses reveal a wide degree of intentional variation from this standard. To a large extent, this deviation reflects dissatisfaction with AACR practice of entering many serials under the heading for the corporate bodies that issue them as well as preference for a more simplified bibliographic description for serials than results from fully following AACR.
The Library of Congress now provides a general works number for most of the bibliographies it catalogs, in addition to assigning a complete call number in Class Z. The alternative class number for bibliographies suggests the possibility of more representative classification of bibliographies and may enhance retrieval and increase use. After a brief historical and theoretical introduction, several options for employing an alternative class number are explored, and some problems that will arise are outlined.
This article presents a view of the close relation between libraries and Near East area studies programs. It emphasizes the point that the development of Islamic libraries is an intellectual task that requires both technical skill in librarianship and an authentic understanding rf the Islamic world. Current national bibliographies from the Near East are examined as tools for building an adequate collection to serve Islamic studies, which, like other area programs, is in the process of growth. Certain improvements are suggested in order to make current bibliographies from the Near East more efficient collection development tools. For the purpose of this article the term "Near East" is limited only to the Islamic Near East.
In the processing of works of mixed media format, a system based on physical aspects of the material will enable librarians to determine efficiently whether the various fomats should stay together or not, and where they should be shelved. The advantage of the sysdem lies in its ability to make value judgments reflecting the author's intention of which format is primary, and at the same time to eliminate subjective interpretations of this criterion. Factors reflecting an awareness of security needs for some materials, of storage space problems, and of the desirability of maintaining browsing capabilities are also incorporated into the system.
The system for cataloging and classifying photographs and other visual materials developed for the University Archives of the State University of New York at Buffalo incorporates the principles and guidelines of the Anglo-American Cataloging Rules, offers degrees of access depending on the size and complexity of the collection, permits implementation by nonprofessional staff, and provides inventory control. It is readily adaptable to a variety of collections such as photographs of local towns in public libraries, pictures of musicians and musical instruments in music libraries, and artifacts in historical societies.