Abstracts

LRTS v 22, no. 1, Winter 1978

OCLC at OSU: The Effect of the Adoption of OCLC on the Management of Technical Services
at a Large Academic Library

D. Kayne Gapen and Ichiko T. Morita

The organizational and procedural changes necessary to adopt the OCLC system in a large academic library over a five-year period are described. Organization and work flow diagrams are presented in demonstrating new approaches to accessing authority files and the shelflist. Unit costs derived for the same period have been presented in a related article: "A Cost Analysis of the Ohio College Library Center On-Line Shared Cataloging System in the Ohio State University Libraries."

The Historical Development of the Second Edition of the Anglo-American Cataloging Rules

Carol R. Kelm

In March 1974 representatives from Britain, Canada, and the U.S. met and established the joint Steering Committee for Revision of AACR. Establishment of the ALA RTDS Catalog Code Revision Committee, the Canadian Committee on Cataloguing, and the Library Association/British Library Committee on Revision of AACR followed. These committees worked with the editors, Paul Winkler and Michael Gorman, in developing the text of the second edition of the Anglo-American Cataloging Rules, which is scheduled for publication in fall 1978.

Standardizing the Reporting of Cataloging in the University of California System

Eleanor R. Payne

In order to standardize reporting of cataloging so that meaningful comparisons could be made from one campus to another in the statewide University of California system, the Catalog Committee was charged with developing cataloging definitions upon which such standardized reporting could be based. The charge, which emanated from the university's Library Council, included the statement that "the final definition should reflect the needs and philosophy of UC catalogers"; and the systemwide Library Management and Information Systems Task Force, for whose use the project was undertaken, added that the definitions should be able to accommodate cataloging performed in branch libraries and that any cataloging based upon card copy should not be based upon the classification of the person doing the cataloging (as irrelevant) nor upon the amount of time spent per title (as too difficult to ascertain). The resulting categories are defined as "original cataloging," "partial copycataloging," and "copycataloging," which most campuses were already using. The difference is that explicit and detailed guidelines have been added to prevent variations in interpretation, and they are now uniform systemwide. They have been in effect since 1 July 1975 and are considered to have stood the test of time between their adoption and this report: no revision is considered necessary at this time.

Decision Tables: A Tool for Librarians

Fred J. Heinritz

The decision table is a valuable aid in describing, understanding, and improving both manual and automated library procedures. However, it has yet to receive from librarians the attention it deserves. This article explains how these tables are made and used. Several examples and a bibliography are given.

Present-Day Publishing in Hong Kong

Lai-Bing Kan

Current publishing activities of the Hong Kong government, the two universities, the learned societies and professional associations, miscellaneous organizations and associations dealing with social services, commerce, and industry are reviewed.
An account of commercial publishing, publishing by religious organizations, private individuals, reprinting of out-of-print or rare items, newspaper and periodical publishing and their statistics is also given. General information about publishers' organizations and bibliographical control as well as ordinances and regulations on the control of publications and printed documents is also presented.

Inquiry into the Syndetic Structure of the Library of Congress Subject Headings in Anthropology

Jan Wepsiec

Analysis of relationships between Library of Congress subject headings in the discipline of anthropology reveals a faulty structure with reference to levels of generalization. Broad headings are related to specific headings on distant levels of generalization and some specific headings are related to headings on higher levels; headings are incorrectly related to other headings; confusion of meaning between headings exists as a result of the introduction of new terms for already existing concepts. Possible solutions to these problems are suggested.