The Library of Congress Cataloging Distribution Service (CDS), formerly known as the Card Division, has been the primary distributor of cataloging products produced by the library since 1901. Products sold include cards, proofslips, book catalogs, and MARC tapes and programs. The development and implementation of automation activities in the division have enabled CDS to provide traditional services in a more efficient and timely manner and at the same time to expand these traditional services and to develop new services.
Basic linear programming techniques can provide library decision makers with a powerful tool to increase the efficiency of many traditional library operations. However, librarians must first accept responsibility for developing some competency with basic mathematical procedures in order to utilize such techniques and to insure that such decision-making tools are properly applied for a specific situation. An example of how one basic linear programming technique can be utilized to improve the efficiency for delivery of material in a library system is provided.
Serials files, even large ones, can be maintained efficiently by manual methods. Loss of control is due to lack of good management, not lack of computers. Eight problem areas are discussed: (1) decentralization of records, (2) duplication of processing, (3) personnel policies, (4) claiming, (5) payments and renewals, (6) replacements and duplicates, (7) unidentified pieces, (8) recording of receipt. The breakdown of manual procedures is not in itself sufficient reason for introducing automation.
In order to assist and to expedite a revision of the Library of Congress schedules
for history of Eastern Europe, the Slavic and East European Subject Headings
and Classification Committee (SEESHAC) of the Slavic and East European Section
of the Association of College and Research Libraries, after consultation with
the representatives of the Subject Cataloging Division of the Library of Congress,
prepared "A Proposal for the Revision and Updating of the LC Classification
Schedules ..." and submitted it to the proper authorities of the library
for consideration. The proposal essentially covers three subclasses in history
(DB-Austria, Hungary; DK-Russia; and DR-Eastern Europe, Balkan Peninsula) and
proposes their rearrangement along the regional and ethnic principle applied
to Western Europe. At the same time, the suggested revisions, additions, and
changes are elaborated in such a way that they would require a minimum of reclassification
and yet would introduce the principle of proceeding from larger to smaller units,
which is the basis of LC practice in other parts of the world.
This article attempts to present an interpretation of the proposal for all interested parties, especially for those who were unable to acquaint themselves with the original SEESHAC proposal.
Considerable attention has been given to the matter of subject specialists in academic libraries; however, it has often been devoted to the circumstances of large and very large, long-established libraries. This paper attempts to examine the situation in the smaller or middle-sized institutions and to contrast it with that of the larger ones. The role and latitude of such librarians is treated along with the utility of approval plans and traditional faculty book selection.
An investigation of the Library of Congress classification for Old Icelandic and Old Norwegian literature prompted by Helen Kovar's discussion of the problems facing catalogers in this area reveals serious inadequacies in the schedule's organization of prose works. The investigation also discloses that, despite the 1971 change in the practice of citing Icelandic names, considerable confusion still exists, perhaps resulting in the omission of some Icelandic entries from the National Union Catalog: Pre-1956 Imprints.