Weaknesses in logic and limitations ("bias") in the Dewey Decimal Classification represent operation in universal classification systems of Goedel's Proof and Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle. In cataloging, there has been undue emphasis on consensus instead of research in making codes and standards. Some ignored but pertinent research is mentioned: citation studies, shortcomings of bibliographies, changes in areas of user dissatisfaction as a result of automation, and types of user behavior patterns. Possibly significant research by nonlibrarians is noted. Serious devotion to research, beginning with the etiology of bibliography, should be more productive in the long run than code revision based on interminable discussion.
Drawing on six months of experience as assistant acquisitions librarian at the Australian National University Library and a search of the literature, the author discusses four acquisitions problems unique to Australian libraries: (1) distance, which dictates average supply times of four and five months for British and U.S. books respectively; (2) customs restrictions; (3) the "Empire Rights Agreement"; and (4) copyright regulations. Until librarians "Down Under" may obtain literature from other countries with more speed and without censorship or restrictions as to what edition may be purchased from whom, they are to be commended for acquiring materials as readily as they do.
BALLOTS (Bibliographic Automation of Large Library Operations using a Time-sharing System) is presented from the viewpoint of the Stanford University Libraries as a user of the system. The effect of automation on technical and public services is considered, with emphasis on the human and organizational changes involved in the library's move to a radically new way of life over a four-year period.
Procedures of a system using a Texas Instruments 733 hard-copy thermal printer in conjunction with an OCLC terminal are described, and advantages are listed regarding the use of the printer versus on-line cataloging. Statistics are presented relative to searching procedures and percentages of titles found in the data base. A comparison of this method with the former one using LC cards is included.
Beginning with Cutter, theorists of subject headings have conceded that certain elements of systematic arrangement in the dictionary catalog are inevitable; yet the fact that no specific guidelines have ever been developed for the determination of the extent to which subject collocation at the expense of specific and direct entry should be allowed has resulted in the many irregularities and inconsistencies now existing in the Library of Congress Subject Headings.
A first draft of Guidelines for Selecting a Commercial Processing Service is presented with the expectation of receiving suggestions from the profession.