Despite their importance, coin-operated copying machines have rarely been discussed in library literature. Yet, the librarian who carefully evaluates available equipment and pricing plans and implements sound procedures for machine maintenance and cash accountability can expect to realize significant benefits from this essential reprographic service. In evaluating equipment, librarians should consider the ability of machines to reproduce representative library materials, ease of operation by the uninstructed patron, speed, durability, size, mobility, and the integrity of the coin-mechanism. Attention should be given to supply requirements, especially convenience and economy of use. Alternative pricing plans should be carefully examined. The librarian should consider purchase, rental, and lease arrangements. Once equipment is selected and pricing is agreed upon, the librarian should arrange for maintenance contracts to keep equipment operational. To guard against lost revenue, strict cash control procedures are required. During all stages of program organization, time spent in a thorough analysis will be repaid in successful operation.
The reasons for, including the date of publication in a catalog entry are discussed, in the light of rule 139 of the revised chapter 6 of the Anglo-American Cataloging Rules, North American Text. Rule 139 is compared with the former rule 141 in the 1967 edition. Parts of rule 139 are then analyzed for meaning and ease of application, using a decision flowchart to interpret and clarify the logic of the revised rule for dates.
The effect of catalog division on catalog departments in terms of cost, physical expansion of the catalog, as well as methods and different kinds of division are considered. The decision to divide or retain a dictionary catalog should be based on present circumstances and use of the catalog itself. This discussion of divided and dictionary catalogs suggests that catalog congestion and complexity and size of a library and its collection are not sufficient reasons for dividing a dictionary catalog. Users will have difficulty with either format. Of more value to the library user than division of the catalog is formal instruction in bibliographic tools.
The University of Oregon Library accompanied the division and expansion of its 2.8-million-card dictionary catalog with implementation of improved card production and catalog maintenance procedures. Highlighting replaced overtyping of secondary cards and retyping of call numbers on printed cards was ceased. New subject heading work was assigned to one paraprofessional, relieving catalogers and library assistants of routine subject heading checking. The typing, proof-reading, filing, and revision time gained by these innovations increased departmental productivity by 12 percent by the end of the fiscal year.
A reasonable evaluation of a cataloger's efficiency requires accounting for expenditures of time in activities other than cataloging. A study conducted at Wichita State University reveals that slightly less than two-thirds of the work day of the catalogers was spent in actual cataloging. Accounting for all expenditures of time in whatever kind of activity affords also a sensible basis for a reorganization of departmental work flow and for adjustments of work relationships among personnel assignments in order to allow catalogers more time for cataloging,
Seven decades after Charles A. Cutter's death, his classification is still being used by a dozen American and Canadian libraries. These libraries are identified and their use of the Cutter classification is briefly discussed.
Most of the names of the state-level governments of Nigeria are generic rather than specific in nature and have been entered in inverted form under the name of the country in major Nigerian libraries. It is suggested that all such names should be entered in direct (natural word-order) form whether used as authors or as subjects. It is further suggested that for Nigeria, indirect subdivision of subject headings should be through the name of the state instead of through the name of the country (Nigeria) as in normal Library of Congress practice.
An analysis of the problems created by receipt of duplicate periodical issues in an academic university library is presented, together with a suggested solution designed to improve the economics of handling duplicate periodicals.