Abstracts

LRTS v 19, no. 4, Fall 1975

Serial Cataloging Problems: Rules of Entry and Definition of Title

Wesley Simonton

Alternatives to the present rule for entry of serials in the Anglo-American Cataloging Rules (AACR) are identified and arguments relating to the concept of authorship for serials are summarized. The varying concepts of "title" in AACR, the International Serials Data System, and ISBD (S) : International Standard Bibliographic Description for Serials are compared and the next steps relating to code revision and attempts at international agreement are described.

The Current State of Standardization in the Cataloging of Serials

Michael Gorman

Current standards for the cataloging of serials, including the Anglo-American Cataloging Rules, ISBD (S) : International Standard Bibliographic Description for Serials, and the Guidelines of the International Serials Data System, are discussed. The varying needs of bibliographic catalogs and serials lists, the latter serving primarily the functions of finding lists, are described. A distinction between complete and not complete works, regardless of medium, is suggested as an important consideration in the revision of the Anglo-American Cataloging Rules.

AACR 6: Time for a Review

Jim E. Cole

Two changes are proposed in the North American text of rule 6 of the Anglo-American Cataloging Rules (AACR) : the adoption of the British text of 6B and the deletion of 6C. Both of these changes are intended to simplify the entry of serials. With the deletion of 6C, serials would be entered only under title or corporate author. The adoption of the British text of 6B would in turn greatly simplify the remaining choice between title or corporate author.

No Special Rules for Entry of Serials

Michael Carpenter

One of the objectives of a library catalog is to enable one to determine what books or publications by an author are in the library. Establishment of special rules of entry for serial publications which preclude attribution of authorship defeats this objective. The present rule 6 of the Anglo-American Cataloging Rules and the Paris Principles are criticized in this regard. In the course of this criticism, it is shown that the presence of a generic title, the presence of the name of a corporate body within the title, or the presence of an account of the activities of a corporate body within the serial publication are not valid criteria for determining authorship of a serial publication. Furthermore, using the form of publication produces unpredictable entries for serials. Therefore, it is proposed that special rules for entry of serials be abolished, that a serial be treated like any other work of corporate or personal authorship, including compilations and works produced under editorial direction. This will have the added benefit of allowing consistent treatment of instances of corporate and personal authorship.

AACR, ISBD(S) and ISSN: A Comment

Paul Fasana

It has been proposed recently that rule h of the Anglo American Cataloging Rules (AACR), relating to entry of serials, be replaced by the conventions for description of serials outlined in ISBD (S) : International Standard Bibliographic Description for Serials, which in itself incorporates (or accommodates) another convention, that of the"key-title," an essential aspect of the International Standard Serial Number (ISSN). Viewed in the current library context, this recommendation is irresponsible and indefensible on both a theoretical and practical level.

Key Title and Rules for Entry

Mary E. Sauer

Discrepancies between descriptions of serials as provided in the Anglo-American Cataloging Rules and recent international standards are discussed. Increasing compatibility is identified. The major goal of the ISDS is stated to be the provision of a formal identification structure for representing a serial.

CONSER: Bibliographic Considerations

Richard Anable

In the planning of the CONSER (CONversion of SERials) Project a number of decisions had to be made with regard to the bibliographic conventions to be used. To understand these decisions, a review of the history of serials cataloging conventions used in North America and a discussion of the existing and proposed international standards as they affect the collection of bibliographic data on serials are highlighted. The major functional differences among these codes and practices are discussed briefly. The major bibliographic compromises and their rationale within the CONSER Project are given.

Resource Sharing from the Inside Out: Reflections on the Organizational Nature of Library Networks

Thomas F. Parker

Library networks are seen to have five basic components: resources, directories, communications, users, and management. Network success is dependent on perception of mutual benefit by participants. The relationship between technology and network operations is explored. The open nature of the environment and the crucial staff skill requirements for cooperation are briefly presented.

A Pragmatic Book Allocation Formula for Academic and Public Libraries with a Test for Its Effectiveness

William E. McGrath

A simple and pragmatic empirical book fund allocation procedure which can be used either in academic or public libraries is described. The procedure uses (1) library circulation data, literally interpreting it as demand, and (2) average price of books in subject categories. For academic libraries, the subject categories can be either those related directly to academic departments, which are the usual recipients of allocations, or the divisions of the Dewey Decimal or Library of Congress classifications. For public libraries, the Dewey divisions suffice. A simple test for the effectiveness of allocation is to correlate current buying, or the distribution of books in the shelf list with the distribution of circulation, using any non-parametric correlation statistic, such as Spearman's rank order statistic. If the correlations are high, the allocations are satisfactory. If low, the procedure should be reexamined.

Science Acquisitions and Book Output Statistics

Jackson B. Cohen

Detailed subject analysis of book output and cost statistics can be useful in planning and guiding the development of academic library resources in the pure sciences and in determining budget requirements. Currently available statistics are criticized for not being specific enough for these purposes. A method for producing the needed statistics is outlined. Provisional statistics are presented and some examples of the use of these statistics are given.

Selective Dissemination of Information to Congress: The Congressional Research Service SDI Service

Shirly Loo and Bruce B. Langdon

Drawing upon the resources of the Library of Congress and adapting its procedures for descriptive and subject control, the Congressional Research Service has developed a system of bibliographic control for public policy literature to meet the needs of Congress. A mechanized current awareness service based on an in-house created bibliographic data base which is provided to the Congress and to researchers at the Library of Congress is described.

The "Trend to LC" in College and University Libraries

Robert L. Mowery

Seeking to document the extent to which libraries of four-year colleges and universities have adopted the Library of Congress Classification system, this study surveys the classification systems used by the libraries of 1,160 accredited four-year colleges and universities. The LC system is presently being used by more than half of these libraries; however, throughout 1968-71 the "trend to LC" clearly lost momentum. Data are provided on the extent to which the Library of Congress and the Dewey Decimal Classification systems were used in 1967 and 1971 by libraries of various sizes and categories.