Abstracts

LRTS v 17, no. 3, Summer 1973

International Standard Bibliographic Description for Serials

Lawrence G. Livingston

The development and current status of the International Standard Bibliographic Description for Serials and the implications of its adoption for the Anglo-American Cataloging Rules are reported.

Foreign Currency Exchange Problems Relating to the Book Trade

Michael Moran

Currency problems relating to the purchase of books from foreign countries are examined. The basic problem is to decide which currency will be used in these transactions, and how to reach agreement with vendors on this point. Current practice is uncertain, and recommendations for more accurate practices are made.

The Ohio College Library Center

Judith Hopkins

The Ohio College Library Center is a regional library network. Its online shared cataloging system has been operational since 18 October 1971, and utilizes cathode ray tube terminals located in the center's fifty-three member libraries. These terminals are connected to the Sigma 5 computer in Columbus by a multiple line, multiple party synchronous transmission telephone network. Between January and June 1972 the system operated at an annual rate of 500,000 works cataloged and over 3,100,000 catalog cards produced. These cards are individualized to fit the requirements of each member and are produced in packs designated for particular catalogs.

The Other Half of Cataloging

Frances Ohmes

The authors investigate the impact of a bibliographic retrieval/card production system, such as the Ohio College Library Center (OCLC), with special attention to its role in cataloging. Activities required at the local level to make the LC card a functioning component of the catalog are described. The characteristics of the ensuing workload are examined, along with methods of accomplishing it. These activities are seen as a factor in the persistence of backlogs. The design of OCLC, because of the immobility of the terminal and the absence of the catalog from the data base, bypasses this workload, leaving the local library to accomplish it by the method of its choice, as before, or to leave it undone.

"American Poetry" but "Satire, American": The Direct and Inverted Forms of Subject Headings Containing National Adjectives

Lois Main Chan

The problem of the direct and inverted forms of adjective-noun subject headings which contain national adjectives is reexamined. A pattern based on subject categories is discovered which is different from the pattern based on word-frequency discussed in Harris' Subject Analysis.

The Classification of African Literature By the Library of Congress

Robert L. Mowery

Because the Library of Congress Classification system classifies the various literatures of Africa by the languages in which these literatures were originally written, it scatters them throughout subclasses PJ-PZ. Three different classification patterns emerge. Literary works written in African languages, Ethiopic languages, Hamitic languages, and Afrikaans are classified in accordance with one pattern; the French, Spanish, and Portuguese literatures of Africa are classified in accordance with a second pattern; and the Arabic and English literatures of Africa are classified in accordance with a third pattern. The classification of the works and criticism of English-language African authors emerges as a distinct problem, and a proposal for alleviating this problem is offered.