The IFLA Committee on Cataloguing has been at work since 1954 to establish international standards for cataloging and bibliographic records; it was responsible for the International Conference on Cataloguing Principles, Paris, 1961, and the International Meeting of Cataloguing Experts, Copenhagen, 1969. In recent years there have been increasing demands from national cataloging bodies and bibliographic agencies for uniformity in codes and practices, and in consequence there has been more willingness to make national concessions in order to reach international standards. The IFLA Cataloguing Secretariat was established in 1971 to assist this trend by coordinating work, promoting new projects and acting as a liaison center.
Twenty years ago classification theorists in the United States and En-gland had almost abandoned general classification. The Classification Research Group (CRG) developed various special schemes, using facets and experimenting with notation. Expanding collections kept the practical problems of general classification in view, and new questions raised by the special schemes returned attention. to general theory. With a NATO grant, CRG agreed to develop a new general classification. Using Kyle's scheme as a model and integrative levels theory far facet grouping, the group has explored applications of general systems theory and relational analysis. A general indexing language is emerging that provides a flexible classification structure and reflects contemporary theories of knowledge.
Evaluations of out-of-print book dealers supplying the California State University, Northridge, library show that most titles supplied are received within nine months from the date of the list. In this survey of dealers the reason most often mentioned as responsible for the lack of response after nine months was that the dealer assumes that the library has acquired the title from someone else and no longer wants it. This article suggests that purchasing standards should be established by academic libraries so that everyone is operating under the same group of assumptions. The survey also discloses the methods of locating books that dealers consider to be most effective.
The article describes the out-of-print book procurement system presently in use at Stanford University libraries. Instead of granting exclusive rights to a bookdealer, Stanford relies upon an in-house specialist, a former bookdealer, who prepares desiderata letters and evaluates offers received. His procedures seem to indicate the value of an in-house o.p. searching operation. A sample of titles procured by the methods described show a possible average saving of $12.96 per title by choosing the lowest priced offer as opposed to the highest.
This report pertains to a large research library beginning the change-over to shared cataloging by an on-line system, and the early stages of the implementation of computer techniques for part of the technical processes system of the Ohio College Library Center (OCLC). Later stages will include acquisition and serial programs.
The writer discusses two categories of Library of Congress subject headings for belles-lettres in Chinese literature: (1) the literary genres, and (2) the chronological subdivisions. He illustrates both categories with specific examples taken from LC cards for Chinese materials, and then suggests concrete steps for improving the effectiveness and ease of approach to those materials. He recommends that more romanized Chinese terms be adopted for those literary genres foreign to Anglo-Saxon concepts, and more period subdivisions be introduced to the headings for literary history.
This paper describes a system for cataloging and classifying screenplays which is a variation on the LC approach. It evolved because the LC system has often proved awkward in its adherence to the literary author entry concept -- and not always consistent within that concept. The LC entry form has varied: usually author, occasionally title, and in several instances author entry Cuttered by title. In the alternative system presented here, title is established as the definitive entry form. A structured classification scheme is developed within the range of numbers which LC has assigned to collected and individual screenplays --i.e., PNI997.A1-Z89. Several further deviations from LC practice are noted and explained. The result has been found to be a more workable and relevant method of cataloging screenplays.
What is the impact of the continuing developments in reprography on United States library school curricula? This subject was explored in a 1965 survey and the Reproduction of Library Materials Section of the Resources and Technical Services Division was curious about what changes have occurred in the past seven years. Questionnaires were sent to all accredited library school programs in the U.S., and the responses indicated that only seven schools now offer special courses related to reprography. Library schools in general seem to have been slow to revise their curricula to keep pace with new technologies.