The Standard Classification Schemes surveyed are (I) Dewey Decimal Classification (DC); (2) the Library of Congress Classification (LC); and (3) the Bibliographic Classification of Henry Bliss (BC). It is realized that these classification schemes were developed at a time when research on Africana was in its infancy. That explains the very little provision made for Africana in them, and consequently, the problems now facing African librarians and others engaged in classifying Africana materials. It is suggested that certain classes in the schemes, e.g., classes FA-FZ (LC), 970-989 (DC), and N (BC) be used to develop the classification of African history.
This article reports on activities relating to the automation of technical processing at the Library of Congress. The master guidelines for automation of the LC core bibliographic system are discussed, and the following individual projects are described: Machine-Readable Cataloging (MARC) and related activities; RECON Pilot Project; format recognition; multiple use MARC system; Order Division project; automated process information file; subject headings project; filing program; book catalogs; and the Card Division project.
New filing rules have been developed for the catalogs of the Library of Congress to ease the tasks of filers and users and to pave the ways for computer-assisted filing. This article discusses preliminary considerations about the functions of large bibliographic files, the complexities of cataloging, the interaction between users and catalogs, and ways to simplify arrangement. The assumptions and principles that underlie the proposed rules are stated, and their organization and anticipated use are described. An abridged version of the rules is illustrated by an extended example.
How does a recent library school graduate appointed to supervise the photoduplication department in a university library familiarize himself with the duties of the position and with the field of reprography in general? A checklist of twenty areas is offered as a guide to the novice. This is a brief and unabashed "how-to-do-it" presentation.