Provision of abstracts-in-source for all articles in library and information science journals is proposed, similar to the practice now accepted by journals of the engineering societies and some foreign library periodicals. Standards for the bibliographical format of abstracts should be compiled by The American National Standards Institute. Keywords for indexing-in-source of abstracts should be taken from a thesaurus of library and information sciences to be compiled.
A brief history of the development of serial classification patterns from the National Library of Medicine scheme is followed by the enumeration of some of the difficulties encountered by medical libraries at-tempting to use the scheme. Solutions to the problems utilized by five large medical libraries are described in detail. Adaptations to the NLM classification scheme for serials are suggested as well as recommendations for improved numbering procedures. A final call is made for the National Library of Medicine to revise its classification schedules for serials in order to meet the needs of other libraries and avoid duplication of cataloging effort.
The most frequently recognized problem in the arrangement of literary works according to the 800 class of the Dewey Decimal Scheme based on form distinction is the scattering of works by and about single authors. However, there are also other problems not frequently mentioned in print but keenly felt by catalogers, such as the difficulty in application of the 800 class caused by the lack of common denomi¬nators (or basis of division) among the "forms," by the lack of clear, workable definitions of the "forms," and by the diffusive nature of certain literary works. The causes of the problems can be traced back to the genre origin of Dewey's form distinction and to certain categories, especially 8-5 to 8-8, that are questionable in their nature as literary "forms." In view of these problems, the validity of the form distinction in the classification of literature is called into question.
The rapid influx of nonbook materials into the information system in general and libraries in particular makes it imperative that libraries develop uniform methods of cataloging these items. Methods of cataloging continue to proliferate, exceeded in number only by the many forms taken by nonbook items. The problems of indexing, filing, and retrieving nonbook items become more difficult as the proliferation continues. This article presents a set of guidelines intended to provide cataloging consistency for nonbook materials.
Concern has grown recently, especially among larger libraries, over the expense and complexity of shelf classification with relative location. A frequent justification emphasizes the importance of "browsing," though the term remains imprecisely defined. This survey investigated the validity of the direct shelf approach as a concept for organizing library materials, with special reference to its component, "browsing." Documentary analysis gathered evidence from the professional literature. An opinion questionnaire, rephrasing hypotheses from the literature, was then sent to practitioners and teachers of librarianship. Findings implied policy recommendations for library management and library school curricula.
This article presents a university library's experience with the Micrographic Catalog Retrieval System (MCRS). After a brief description of the MCRS and its use in card production, searching procedures are outlined along with statistical data. The experience has demonstrated that the use of AICRS can mean a saving of staff time and more rapid retrieval of LC cataloging copy for current books, thus resulting in quicker processing of materials through the technical services.
The functions of the main entry in catalog structure are considered with reference to book catalogs. Some situations in which the main entry is of continuing necessity in the catalog are observed, as well as those areas where authorship responsibility must be assigned for other library functions. Excerpts from the book catalog of the J. Henry Meyer Memorial Library, Stanford University, are used to illustrate the conditions which result when the main entry is not used as the basis for the organization of the catalog. The idea that the main entry necessitates the unit entry and vice versa is questioned.
The basic concepts of copyright law have come to be applied to "literary or artistic works." The author of a "literary or artistic work" creates both the ideas and the particular combination of characters which represents those ideas on paper. The component parts of the author's work consist of a distinct creation; namely, the ideas themselves and the compilation of these ideas in their blended condition-the com¬bination of characters-upon the written or printed page. The object of copyright law is protection of an author's work, which constitutes a legal relationship consisting of a set of facts. Ideas, however original, are not protected under the copyright law. The problem arises: What works are to be protected? In this paper works protected are enumerated and explained.
The Resources and Technical Services Division of the American Library Association presents the Esther J. Piercy Award for 1971 to John Phillip Immroth in recognition of his contributions to technical services. Within six years he has made an impact on librarianship through his research, writings and teaching. In each of these he has demonstrated an emerging potential for leadership and scholarship. His search for improvement of traditional teaching methods identifies him as an innovator and a humanist. His involvement in the profession reflects the deep concern for excellence which characterized the career of the librarian in whose name this Award has been created.
The Margaret Mann Citation in Cataloging and Classification is awarded in 1971 to Henriette D. Avram for her contributions to the development and promotion of a standard format for bibliographic records in machine-readable form. She has played a major role in translating the patterns and techniques of the cataloging process, coordinating MARC and RECON format and services, introducing and explaining the systems, and working toward national and international standards for data elements. Innovator, enthusiastic teacher, and lucid writer, she has led the way into the future of effective bibliographic control.