Significant nonduplicative literature on MARC and BNB-MARC is surveyed and characterized. Time lag in publication and the proliferation of ephemera are noted. Two categories of the literature are identified: reports in many formats by individuals and groups associated officially with MARC, and publications of MARC users or observers. In the first category, relationships between citations are shown: statements of purpose, work-in-progress and interim reports, narrowly focused in-depth treatments, or definitive reports. User-generated literature, the second category, is shown to be fragmentary and concerned chiefly with describing local experience. This category of the literature is growing, however, and will require coordination through comparative and evaluative commentary.
Twenty-nine questions to be asked before deciding on a book catalog, with comments based on the experience of the Baltimore County Public Library.
The Ramapo Catskill Library System, Middletown, New York, developed a subject catalog of materials in the central library and the system headquarters. As a card catalog this tool assisted the system staff in finding subject material from books which are located within the system area. In an effort to better serve the individual in member libraries desiring this material, subject heading simplification was instituted, the subject catalog was filmed and placed on standard microfiche, and a set of the microfiche catalog was placed in each of the member libraries. A system grant was offered for the purchase of a microfiche reader.
In German academic libraries today, the main subject approach to books is provided by the classified catalog. Classification is considered principally as a means of organizing entries in a catalog, and only secondarily as a way of arranging books on shelves. Most German libraries have developed their own classification systems. However, since 1945, a method originally devised by H. W. Eppelsheimer for the Mainz City Library has found wide acceptance. It is a complex of catalogs which combines features of both subject classification and alphabetical subject indexing.
The current West German book trade is a rigidly structured system which had to be entirely reestablished after the war. The present decentralized publishing industry has led to higher book prices resulting in a very slow increase in demand. Because both the reading and the purchasing of books were previously limited to the well-educated stratum of society, publishers as well as book dealers have had difficulty in expanding their sales. The growth of libraries and the paperback boom have also made the market competitive and fostered moves in the direction of mergers.
A study of NPAC's progress was made to determine the program's effectiveness. Working with two samples, one representing a "pre-NPAC year" (1962) and the other a "post-NPAC year" (1967), the authors concluded that significant improvements have been made in the coverage of foreign publications, the availability of centralized cataloging, and the currency with which foreign publications are entered in NUC. Although the study was restricted to Australian, British, and French publications, the conclusions drawn may be applicable to all countries involved in NPAC.
Cumulative Book Index (CBI) purports to be a listing of "all books in the English language regardless of the place of origin." This study was undertaken to determine the completeness of coverage by CBI of one foreign country's English-language publications compared with the coverage by that country's current national bibliography. The country chosen for study was Canada; the tool chosen for comparative purposes was Canadiana. Th.e results indicated that CBI included only about 74 per-cent of Canadian English-language publications in a given period and that the appearance of a title in CBI was very much behind the original appearance in Canadiana. There was also an implication that CBI could improve its Canadian coverage considerably with a little extra effort and that there were no sources of information available to CBI that were unavailable to Canadiana.
The Laurentian University Library has evolved a bilingual classified catalogue consisting of a public shelf list supplement by a French/English subject index. Indexing is done when processing the first book on a given topic, covers both primary and secondary subjects, and is done in both languages immediately. Where applicable the shelf list is amplified by secondary subject cards which stand behind the run of primary subject cards within the same classification slot. Thus there emerges an effective tool for locating all materials pertaining to a given topic in either or both of two languages.
The North Carolina State Library Processing Center depends on Library of Congress proof slips for cataloging the majority of titles it handles. Delays in the arrival of a significant number of proof slips prompted this study. A list of seventy-nine titles, including a discussion of the problem, was sent to the Assistant Director for Cataloging at the Library of Congress. Included in his response was the status of each title. The results of the research done by his staff on these titles showed the existence of two important problems which were somewhat beyond the control of the Library of Congress. As staff vacancies occur, they are being "frozen" rather than refilled because of budgetary problems. An alarming backlog exists in the Library Branch of the Government Printing Office. It is concluded that some explanation should be given of the priority system of cataloging employed by the Library of Congress. In general, the Library is performing its cataloging services well, but steps must be taken to alleviate the printing backlog.
Production was increased in the Catalog Department of a small university library by analyzing the duties of the staff and assigning duties to the proper level of personnel. Further improvement was made through the use of process forms and machines so that the department was able to handle a book budget which increased 600 percent with only a 400 percent increase in staff while at the same time the difficulty of the material cataloged increased and a recataloging project of periodicals was in process.
One of the most difficult problems in cataloging Chinese materials is how to handle the pirated editions mass-produced in Hongkong and Taiwan. The writer illustrates the various types of pirated Chinese books with specific examples, and then describes the basic steps he has been following for the proper identification of these books. In addition, he suggests several alternative remedies in case the original is discovered after the book has already been cataloged according to the information given by the book pirate.
Indonesian multiple-element personal names cause problems to catalogers who have to establish these names. The elements may all stand for first names, or for first name, surname, and title. Names may include titles which are adopted as part of personal names. Conflicting principles always arise when suggestions are made to apply an arbitrary last element entry rule for these names. Indonesia does not have a wide-spread national usage for surnames yet. Results of research done by way of content analysis of Indonesia's national bibliography and of some others published there showed that the inverted last element entries seemed to be preferred.
Explores the possibilities of merging the terminology of the Universal Decimal Classification System with that of a term system-Engineers Joint Council's Thesaurus-for nuclear science and technology. Concludes, from the evidence presented, that UDC can be effectively used as a term system. Proposes that the two systems coordinate the terms and merge a major thesaurus (EJC) with an effective classification scheme of international scope (UDC) to provide a needed tool in the area of classification and documentation.