In order to increase the efficiency of Public Catalogs, the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Library divided its catalogs into three independent units. This report describes the simplified rules of filing developed for that arrangement.
In the refiling of a college library catalog by the second edition of the ALA Rules, some local clarification and interpretation of rules, g, 18, 20, 26, 33, 34, 36 and 37 were required. Better examples and clearer prefatory remarks, especially in the application of the rules to a divided catalog, would have been helpful. The problems encountered in the refiling process are discussed in terms of LC cataloging practices, the AACR, and the new filing rules.
The significance of rigorous entry formatting for machine filing of computer-produced bibliographic tools, including book catalogs, has not received the attention it deserves in automation efforts. Too often a format is devised and a large body of data keyed, and only then is the problem of filing this data considered. The result is that the capabilities of the computer are not used to the fullest advantage. This paper reports a study of computer filing which utilizes the arranging possibilities of the computer and of careful format design to considerable advantage. Sewral book catalogs have been computer-filed using the procedures reported here; the usefulness and flexibility of the procedures have been shown by their continuing application in the experimental information handling programs written at the Columbia University School of Library Service. Through these programs the principles and procedures have been applied not only to book catalogs, but to thesauri, classification notations, book indexes, and concordances.
The percentage of LC cards with DC numbers was the subject of a vigorous debate in 1965. The discussion and the figures are brought up to date. Then the value and limitations of DC numbers on LC cards is considered. Possible reasons for the rejection of numbers is examined, both theoretically and with examples, under the categories of local policy, typographical errors, optional locations, optional extensions, misclassification, inconsistency. and policy decisions. Some suggestions for the improvement of LC's DC service are made.
A computer-based file of approximately 8000 MARC Pilot Project records was searched in four different ways to find all the relevant references for two areas of the world, Latin America and the Middle East. Access to every word or number in each field of the MARC record was possible. Keyword searches in title statement and subject headings retrieved more relevant references than search by LC or Dewey class numbers or by scanning the Dewey class numbers for area codes. An analysis of false drops was made to determine how the search strategy could be improved.
The Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem has started indexing its classified catalog for more effective use. The classified catalog brings together material from five different alphabetic catalogs, none of which includes subject headings. Discussed are two indexes in the social sciences. An area index contains listings of all class numbers containing publications dealing with the area. A subject index includes the subjects of the books in the collection as well as the subjects listed in the schedules. Both indexes were begun on the basis of a review of existing class cards and undergo continual revision and expansion.
The well-known H. W. Wilson Company publication called The Reference Shelf is partially indexed in many places, described in the article, but nowhere completely so. The anomalous character of the publication and its treatment in libraries are discussed.
Decisions on the disposition of worn books from a library collection should be based on systematic evaluation. Since each volume is unique and its condition subject to many variables, a checklist of questions to be asked in sequence is offered. It differentiates between decisions that may be made by clerks and those that may need the evaluation of a librarian.
The Ohio State University Main Library acquires and processes books, on a cost-supported contract basis, for each of four regional campus undergraduate libraries. The system (a) accepts LC cards in full, revising only edition; (b) uses a combined requisition and order form; (c) pre-catalogs, using OSU Libraries' large public catalog and proofslip file; and (d) organizationally combines acquisition and cataloging functions. Results include (r) drastically reduced cycle time, dependent on dealer delivery time; (2) reduced processing cost ($1.40/volume); (3) reduced original cataloging (5 percent of books received). The article describes requirements, rationale, and procedures, and diagrams procedural flow.
Martin Schrettinger (1772-1851) pioneered in distinguishing between the function of subject classification and the function of subject heading. He dreamed of standardizing, but he did not think of lists or authority files. He was backward in overlooking long familiar cross-reference devices.
The Margaret Mann Citation in Cataloging and Classification is awarded in 1970 to S. R. Ranganathan for his Colon Classification which has profoundly influenced modern classification theory and research through its faceted analysis techniques, for his works on the principles and structure of the classified and the dictionary catalog, and for a lifetime of signal devotion to the advancement of library science.
The Resources and Technical Services Division of the Arrrerirtiri Library Association presents the Esther J. Piercy Award for 1970 to Jobn B. Corbin in recognition of his contributions to technical services. In the ten years that he has served the profession, he has demonstrated unusual promise as an organizer, supervisor, consultant, author, and editor. His work is characterized by imagination, creativity, and skill, and he has given sound leadership to the technical services in his native stale of Texas. His interests reflect unusually well the concerns of the person in whose name this award has been created, and his contributions exhibit the high standards of conception and performance that were hers.