Abstracts

LRTS v 14, no. 3, Summer 1970

Modern Manuscripts: A Functional Approach

Amy Wood Nyholm

The Newberry Library has evolved a system for beeping all of its manuscript collections up to date in handling and in current use by the employment of 5 classes of arrangement: E-Basic treatment. Given to every collection upon arrival. Known as "Zabel [boxes] and List [in Master List]." D-"Rough form arrangement." Unarranged collections are separated into Letters, Works, etc. C-"Systematic arrangement." Unarranged collections are put into usable form, i.e., the Chronological, or the "Outgoing, Incoming, and Works" methods described. No folders or cards made. B-Group folders and cards added. A-Individual folders and cards added.

Book Form Catalogs: A Listing Compiled from Questionnaires Submitted to the Book Catalogs Directory Subcommittee, ALA, 1968

ALA-RTSD Book Catalogs Committee

 

Centralized Processing: A Directory of Centers

Donald D. Hendricks

 

1969 Microfilm Rate Indexes

Robert C. Sullivan

 

Acquisition Policy for University Libraries: Selection or Collection

Betty J. Meyer and John T. Demos

While the distinction between collecting and selecting library materials is real, its relevancy for major research libraries becomes tenuous as library book budgets approach the million dollar figure. In order to develop collections when given such large budgets, libraries must consider the merits of approval plans. This paper argues these merits and points out the importance of getting faculty support before engaging in approval plans.

The Long-Term Effects of Approval Plans

Marion Wilden-Hart

Using approval plans, professional selection can start where the work of the jobber leaves off. Librarians should evaluate service received and the long-term effects on collection development. The cost. should be weighed; selecting from more books may mean selection is improved. Cost is not only in budgetary terms but also in terms of the nation's resources. Approval plans do not build up special collections, but they gradually change the bibliographer's work. This is now a critical stage in the development of approval plans. Pertinent research is urgent.

Computers and Acquisitions: The Experiences of the Library at the State University of New York at Binghamton

Gwynneth H. Bishop

The Acquisitions System has been using the IBM 360/40 computer since April 1968. The order routine is described and pertinent order records and printouts are discussed. The system permits the recording of partial receipts, and changes or updating to any field within an order record. The automatic claims system, which will be operating soon, is explained. Converting to a "computerized" system is recommended only to libraries with large budgets. The chief benefits of the system are monthly fund reporting and automatic claiming.

Recataloging a College Score and Phonorecord Collection

Robert W. Wienpahl

Any attempt today to recatalog a collection, no matter how large or small, since size is related to the staff and time allowable for the task, must take advantage of every tool which can simplify that task. This article represents such a venture in the application of the Library of Congress Class M schedule to the classifying, as well as cataloging, of phonorecords. It represents also the effort to achieve a completely uni¬fied approach to both scores and phonorecords, and the integration of separate collections into a union catalog.

The Use of Conventional Headings in the Cataloguing of Primary Legal Material: A Rebuttal of D. Dean Willard's Argument

Charles B. Corbet

If one studies the preliminary note to Rule 78 (AACR), it becomes evident that the conventional heading "Laws, statutes, etc.," is, in intent, of the same genre as the subdivisions for government ministries and departments. Thus the use of this conventional heading does not violate the principle of entry under (corporate) author. The article under review is slanted specifically towards the law library and fails to take into account the needs of general libraries, be they public or academic.

The Bibliographer's Camera at Arizona State University Library

Donald W. Johnson and Joel A. Benedict

Many libraries are today producing sets of catalog cards by means of xerography, usually from a typed or printed card or a proofslip. An economical method of producing copy for Xeroxing from the National Union Catalog has been developed at Arizona State University. This method is described and compared with both the Polaroid technique and the system developed jointly by Indiana University and Antioch College.

Catalogue Retrieval: A Library Economy

William Ready

An evaluation of the Information Dynamics Corporation Catalogue Retrieval System in an academic library, describing the specification of the machine and the various reader printers tested at Mills Memorial Library, McMaster University.

Another Look at Manual Sorting and Filing: Backwards and Forwards

Barton R. Burkhalter and Laverne Hoag

This paper identifies different methods which can be used to manually sort and file cards. Theoretical arguments are presented to support the contention that certain methods take less time than others. A study done at the University of Michigan Library indicated the time to sort a batch of cards by the backwards method varies linearly with the number of cards whereas the sorting time using the forwards method varies nonlinearly with the number of cards. No appreciable difference in time per card to sort and file was found between the backwards method and the optimal forwards sort.

"Official Use" Trend in the Monthly Catalog of United States Government Publications

Philip Van De Voorde

There has been an increase in the number of entries in the Monthly Catalog designated as for "Official Use." The cause of the increase does not appear to be an appropriations cut for printing expenses, or a conscious decision to shift the source of availability to the Clearinghouse. The Library of Congress' U.S. Government Publications Bibliographic Project has increased the input of the type of publications which would be designated as "Official Use." But at the same time there has been a decrease in the number of publications available to the public, thus indicating that the LC program is not solely responsible for the in-creased percentage of "Official Use" publications.

Functional Organization Plan for Technical Services

Larry Auld

A plan of technical services organization based on function rather than form of material is proposed and briefly described. Professionalism in technical services is also considered.