After a brief introduction to the history and purpose of the serials agent, and to the serials librarian's view of the agent, a method of choosing an agent for a particular library is presented. Ways of evaluating an existing relationship and of maintaining a relationship between the serials librarian and the agent are outlined with regard to records, correspondence, claims, invoices, and new orders. In conclusion, the need for greater cooperation between serials publishers, agents, and librarians, now that computers are involved, is emphasized.
The fantastic growth in the number of serials demands that we cut processing costs drastically. Much costly inefficiency can be eliminated if publishers never let a title vary. A title should be unique, without initials. Title changes are very expensive and many are unnecessary. The present struggle with numbers and dates, volumes and calendar years, pagination, and margin width is discussed. The U.S. Government must help enforce standards via the U.S. Post Office Department. The 1967 USA Standard for Periodicals: Format and Arrangement is largely unknown. A committee should be established to make standards known to publishers and to report violators to the Post Office Department. Repeated violators would risk losing second or third class mailing privileges.
This article is a forthright description of computer procedures applied to an. emerging university's book purchasing program. The analysis includes a description of the system applied, the software employed, the precataloging routines involved, and a preliminary cost analysis. Internal flow charting is included for both the in-library sequences and those used in the Data Processing Center. Personnel requirements for the program are discussed, and the interrelationship of professional librarians, library clerks, and Data Processing Center personnel outlined. Relation-ships of the system to other library functions are indicated. The stress of this paper is upon the simplicity of procedures involved.
The bibliography of fifteen time and cost studies was compiled from information acquired from a survey of 193 institutions. The different methods used by the respondents in their studies point up the lack of a common basis for the statistical evaluation of the available data. The survey reveals a need for development of methods for gathering comparable time and cost statistics to provide a foundation for the compilation of standards for technical service operations.
Policy decisions and type of action taken on the Anglo-American Cataloging Rules by librarians in academic institutions is correlated with the size of the institution. Most university libraries have definite policies regarding the application of the AACR and all of the libraries contacted are either modifying or adopting it. The small college libraries have only rarely formulated definite policies and, while most of these libraries are modifying the code, many are totally disregarding its existence. The librarians in the various-sized institutions behave similarly in being strongly influenced by the Library of Congress, in using the descriptive cataloging section of the code extensively for books and little for serials and non-book materials, and in recataloging extensively only in conjunction with other major changes such as reclassification.
All libraries, constantly being presented with odd forms of book and non-book materials, each requiring space and procedure difficulties, are thankful when something being added can fit into existing patterns and collections. United Nations Documents can be handled any number of ways, none of them simple. The following scheme enabled Coe Library to fit them into the existing collection in the quickest, yet most thorough manner. The documents are completely cataloged in terms of subject and description, the classification scheme puts them in one place in the library but within the LC schedule, the classification number is obtained directly front the document in hand, the documents are accessible through the bibliographic tools, and LC copy is available for most.
Problems considered include: quantity of material involved, disposal of unwanted materials, requests for evaluations and appraisals of gifts, restrictions placed on bequests and gifts, interlibrary exchange programs, and a few legal questions arising in the handling of gifts.
Reminiscences of a subject cataloger at the Library of Congress, in which he tells of some of the challenges of subject analysis and explains methods of meeting them.