The classification of government publications has always presented problems to the librarian. It was not until the principle of provenance was adopted for the classification of documents that order was given to this material. The Superintendent of Documents classification system, begun soon after 1895, was used as a model by other governmental jurisdictions, both in the United States and abroad. The League of Nations and the United Nations developed classification systems based on the same principle. Providing these classification systems are coordinated with analytical indexes, such as the United Nations Documents Index and the Monthly Catalog of United States Government Publications, they are easy to understand, economical, and serve as suitable shelf-location devices.
Cataloging codes and printed card sequences are examined for solutions to the interrelated problems of entry and description for recurrent-edition reference tools. It is suggested that a uniform. approach to these semi-serial publications can. benefit cataloging by 1) supplementing the categorical application of the Anglo-American Cataloging Rules to monographic editions and 2) by relieving catalog congestion and facilitating filing and searching through substitution of single open-entry card sets for the numerous sets required by monographic description.
Cataloging, classification, and filing innovations have proven successful in achieving bibliographic control over American almanacs, ephemera, objects, pamphlets, pictorial, rare map and scrapbook collections in the Department of Special Collections of the University of California Library, Los Angeles. Comments are made on the research potentials of these unusual materials, especially in relationship to the book and manuscript holdings of the Department of Special Collections.
The phonorecord cataloging system of the Springfield (Mass.) City Library is discussed, with emphasis on its economy and popularity. strengths and weaknesses. Examples of the visible index, shelflist, and song title index entries are given for one popular and two classical records. The system is recommended for small and medium-sized public libraries, school libraries, and some academic libraries.
A summary of criticisms of classification systems for phonorecords precedes a description of services and the classification system of Fouser Music Room in Northern Illinois University Library. In addition to call numbers derived for composers, call numbers are provided for types of music on discs containing more than one composer, which avoids a large miscellaneous section. Catalog copy is obtained from various sources.
Reviews recent developments in centralized processing and interlibrary cooperation in New York State, and summarizes present activities and plans of the New York State Library in the field of library automation. The importance of bibliographic access to the concept of network cooperation, and the need for a critical review of traditional library practices, are stressed.
A comprehensive survey of the actual state of automation in university libraries as reported by the individual library. Points out trends and problem areas. Deals only with operations now in being. While not attempting to itemize details, it brings the true picture of the art into bold relief. Results seem to indicate a definite dearth of meaningful, actually functioning programs. Much smoke has been generated, but actual accomplishments are minimal. Major reasons for lack of progress are critical shortage of skilled personnel, lack of funds, and a lack of dependable facilities.
This study appears to indicate that screening services provide citations in about one.half the time required by secondary publications. There is an average of five months fur the screening services and nine months for the secondary publications. Modes are lowest and means highest for both. The great number of articles are reported reasonably early after publication, but there are enough with long lag times to notably raise the mean lag time. Screening services tend to over-select articles for clients by about 20-25 percent. Alternatives to screening services and/or secondary publications are tables of contents services or individual contact with researchers known to be working in the field of interest.
The lockset method of sequential programming, a simple procedure recently developed by Schruben and Clifton, is shown to be applicable to library distribution problems involving multiple routing. The method is explained in detail and illustrated by applying it to a given library problem involving optimum distribution of centrally processed material.
The Margaret Mann Citation in Cataloging and Classification is awarded in 1969 to Katharine L. Ball for distinguished service to librarianship through international activities in cataloging, teaching, publication, and participation in professional associations in Canada and the United States. A dynamic person, with alert grasp of principles and gifted performance, she has had profound influence on cataloging theory and practice in Canada and, with charming, enthusiastic leadership, has achieved agreement among Canadian and American catalogers.
The Resources and Technical Services Division of the American Library Association presents the Esther J. Piercy Award for 1969 to Richard M. Dougherty in recognition of his contributions to technical services. In the less than ten years he has served his profession, he has shown unusual promise of leadership and productivity in research, teaching and administration. His work is distinguished by imagination and skill. His scholarship and seriousness of purpose reflect the high standards of the person in whose name this award has been created.